Chapter One – Irritable Bowel Syndrome This chapter will examine the definition and diagnosis of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, review prevalence rates and epidemiology and discuss the burden of this illness on both the patients and the healthcare system. In addition, the current ideas surrounding the pathophysiology of IBS will be discussed alongside treatment options.
CYANOTIC: A patient who has cyanosis, or a slight bluish discoloration of the skin due to the presence of abnormal amounts of reduced hemoglobin in the blood JAUNDICE: A yellow discoloration of the skin GASTROSCOPY: A scope for inspecting the stomach COLONOSCOPY: An endoscope to inspect the colon (large intestines) ANGIOSCOPE: Views the heart
Analysis of Crohn's Disease An inflammatory bowel disease is characterized by intermittent and recurrent abdominal pain associated with ulceration in bowel function. Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. Most often, inflammatory bowel disease is classified as ulceration colitis or Crohn’s disease but may be referred to as colitis, enteritis, ileitis, or proctitis (Crohn's disease-website).
This review will explain Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitis, two types of inflammatory bowel disease that affect millions of people. These diseases are chronic that affects certain parts of the intestine gastrointestinal tract. People who has this disease are troubled with a variety of side effects that they will have
Ulcerative colitis is the result of an abnormal response by your body's immune system. Normally, the cells and proteins that make up the immune system protect you from infection. In people with IBD, however, the immune system mistakes food, bacteria, and other materials in the intestine for foreign or invading substances. When this happens, the body sends white blood cells into the lining of the intestines, where they produce chronic inflammation and
Crohn's disease, also known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is simply an inflammation of the digestive tract, which includes your mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, rectum and anus. Additionally, many individuals mainly encounter pain and/or irritation in the small intestine. Unlike other digestive health concerns, this disease affects some regions of the tract. Unfortunately, there is no cure for Crohn's disease, it is considered a chronic condition; long lasting. Medication is provided to help relieve pain and discomfort, oftentimes patients experience irregular symptoms. For instance, they may have no pain or they may have heavy pain.
5. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) it a long term condition that effect the small or large intestine. The cause for IBS is still unknown. Symptoms can include diarrhea, constipation, passing gas, nausea and pain in the abdomen. Treatment for irritable bowel syndrome are medication to help with the symptoms, change of diet, and avoid stress.
Treating the Client with Irritable Bowel Syndrome The American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy finds that approximately 5-15% of the world population are affected by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). What is irritable bowel syndrome? It is interpreted as a disorder of the gastrointestinal system that spawns changes in bowel function (chronic diarrhea, constipation, or abdominal pain) (Roberts, 2013). Severity depends upon the cause; food intolerances worsen the clinical presentations (Roberts, 2013). Those who are affected by IBS present with manifestations such as anorexia, abdominal bloating, and nausea with meals or passing stool. The disease is speculated to be a psychosomatic disorder that is aroused by stress, but is identified as an
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the digestive tract. There are four types of ulcerative colitis. Ranging from most severe to least severe Pan-ulcerative colitis, left sided colitis, Proctosigmoiditis, and ulcerative proctitis. Though the causes are unknown there are possibly three factors which may play a part in the disease. The immune system, basically the immune system is fighting itself and inflaming the GI tract, environmental triggers such as certain bacteria’s, viruses, and genetic predisposition. (CrohnsandColitis) Also a lot of theories have been thrown out there, things like salmonella poisoning, and different strands of anti-biotics. (TheMedicalAdvisor)
There are two examples of disorders that occur within digestive system. One is called Crohn’s Disease. It is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), caused by overactive immune system, genetics, or the environment, not what you eat. Inflammation may develop anywhere in the body, from the mouth to the anus, but mostly, it develops at the end of the small intestine. About 700,000 of people in the United States have Crohn’s Disease! The symptoms are diarrhea, mouth sores, abdominal pain, reduced appetite, weight loss, etc. Currently, there are no perfect treatment for this disease, but there are some anti-inflammatory drugs, such as oral 5-aminosalycylates, corticosteroids, and immune system suppressors, such as azathioprine, methotrexate,
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a long-term or recurrent medical disorder of gastrointestinal functioning. IBS usually affects both the small intestine and large intestine, as well as the motor function and sensation of the bowel. Disturbances in these areas of the body cause symptoms such as intermittent abdominal discomfort or pain, a change in bowel habits, bloating, and a sense of gaseousness.
Imagine being told that you could never eat another ice cream cone. When someone is diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, there is a litary of foods that should be avoided. Ulcerative colitis is described as a chronic inflammatory disease that causes inflammation and swelling in the large intestine. People have tiny ulcers and small holes in their colon and rectum. This causes bloody stools and diarrhea. While having colitis the patient can go through periods of flare ups and remission. Remission is when the disease seems to be gone and all symptoms go away but can reappear at any time. Colitis can be referred to as inflammatory bowel disease or IBD. Ulcerative colitis is a devastating illness, and treatment typically includes surgery, taking
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal conditions. IBS is a chronic disorder characterized by abdominal pain and alteration of bowel function without an organic cause. It is more common in younger people, and more frequently occurs to women. IBS is seen in patients under the age of 45 (Mayo Clinic, 2018). The disruption of bowel function may originate from the GI tract or central nervous system. Stress does not cause IBS, but it can trigger symptoms or make symptoms worse (IFFGD,2016).
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be defined as the chronic condition (it is persistent/ long-standing disease) resulting from inappropriate mucosal immune activation. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can start at any age. However, it is frequently seen among teenagers And also among young adults in their early twenties, both genders can be affected by this disease. There are two conditions that traditionally comprise inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Ulcerative colitis and crohns disease. Comparison between Ulcerative colitis and crohns disease are clinically useful, because distinguishing between the two conditions allow specialists to choose the right management way. Comparison between Ulcerative colitis and crohns disease are
The term Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a general name given to a few disorders that all fall under the category of inflamed intestines (they become red and swollen.) This is usually due to a reaction the body causes against its own intestinal tissue. The two most common types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease are Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn’s Disease (CD). Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract; however, it more commonly affects the small intestine or colon.