Around the world, millions of scientists conduct their studies by testing their research on animals. Many people believe that experimenting on animals is crucial to the advancement of medical discoveries. Studies show however, that animal experimentation is brutal and unnecessary. There are alternatives though: “replacement, reduction, and refinement” (Howard 2).
Luckily, there are alternatives for animal testing including computer models, cell structures, and human testing. Although some may argue that computer models and cell structures are unreliable, so is animal testing. You are given the choice between two unreliable methods, except in one, you are not killing an innocent creature. Human testing is also a more just method. If the results are
I understand that there are different forms of animal testing. There is medical which I can agree with. Then there is the testing for the "name of science". Then there is animal testing for cosmetics. To me that is downright wrong. This testing on animals for cosmetic purposes is a problem that needs a major solution. Even though there are the benefits, there are the cons to it, the horrible effects done to the animals, the countless lives lost, there needs to be a solution.
Subsequently, alternative methods now exist to the use of animal testing. Some of these testing methods include computer models and simulations, micro-dosing, stem cell and genetic testing, etc. Scientific tests are more reliable than animal tests. As well as, human tissue testing is more accurate than animal testing. There is many varieties of ways to advance science in more reliable ways then by the use of a creature and that provide more relevant results. Moreover, human cells can
Going hand in hand with the Animal Welfare Act of 1966, the Three R’s are also intended to protect animal’s welfare. The Three R’s is a tenet that represents the ethical principles to guide researchers – Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. The purpose of The Three R’s is explained by Fenwick, Griffin, & Gauthier when they said, “The tenet is grounded in the premise that animals should be used only if a
The topic of animal testing is a widely controversial topic that is discussed by many people. Some people believe that animal testing has contributed to many advancements in medical treatments and should be continued. Others believe, correctly, that animal testing is cruel and inhumane. Animals testing should be abolished because it is cruel to animals and humans are different than humans.
Thesis: The debate on whether using animals is the correct choice of method for testing out experiments and products, is still up for discussion, considering that animals have helped us in finding many treatments and cures in the past. Today, with new technology, we no longer need the use of animals, as there are now alternatives to this practice. Companies and labs that originally started out using animals as test subjects are starting to switch over to new alternatives, as they are more accurate compared to the old methods that was used in the past.
The book provides an up-to-date discussion of the current state of development of alternatives to animal testing and is ideal for professionals and academics in the field. It provides alternatives to Animal Testing and the regulatory framework. It provides background information for the research
Replacement Principle basically states that the researcher has to make sure that there is no other alternative that can be used instead of the animal. Some replacement alternatives could biological techniques, mathematics models, and computerized virtual models. Lastly, the use of inferior species like insects, fungus, and bacteria should also be considered. The Reduction Principle should be applied when a large number of animal models are used within an experiment. Larger animal models drive higher costs and that is why the Reduction Principle should be applied. However, the Reduction Principle should be used to create suffering of an individual animal and reducing the scientific outcomes. Reduction can be accomplished by either lowering the number of animal models per test or indirectly by performing fewer tests by increasing product sampling. The two aspects that researchers need to consider is duplication and replication. If the repetition of an experiment is done unnecessarily because of a researcher’s lack of knowledge beforehand it is known as duplication. If researchers repeat a previous experiment that they have already gather significant information from it is known as replication. They do perform replication in order to confirm information already discovered or even to practice new techniques. The Refinement
Animal experimentation goes back to the 17th Century; its purpose is to use conscious animals as experiments where they practice the advances in medicine to assure a product’s safety before it is released to the market. For example, with the help of animal tests, scientists study new treatments for diseases in humans and animals. Must be remembered, laboratories in the U.S kill more than 100 million animals of different species a year when doing these experiments.
Thanks to animal research, many diseases that once killed millions of people are now either treatable or curable. Animal testing has not only benefit humans, but animals as well. Some animal testing has lead to life saving and life extending treatments for many of the animals used for testing. A complete alternative to animal testing has yet to be discovered.
Some cannot help but feel extremely sympathetic for these animals that are being mistreated brutally on a daily basis. They endure and are forced to face inhumane and extremely cruel tests and research often every day. It is even likely that they can spend their entire lives in a cage, from when they are birthed to eventually when they are either killed off or die of intentional causes due to research and experimentation by scientists. Others claim that animals have no sense of self and emotion, as humans do. These people also claim animals do not feel any emotions, pleasure, pain, and suffering like we humans do so it is extremely justified to test on animals. As of now, there are many animals waiting to die in confined and cold cages waiting for the next experiment to begin. For this reason, animal testing for all purposes should be banned.
Animal experimentation by scientists can be cruel and unjust, but at the same time it can provide long term benefits for humanity. Animals used in research and experiments have been going on for 2,000 years and keep is going strong. It is a widely debated about topic all over the world. Some say it is inhuman while others say it’s for the good of human kind. There are many different reasons why people perform experiments and why others total disagree with it.