Is Genetic Testing A Type Of Medical Test?

2264 WordsMar 8, 201510 Pages
To screen, or not to screen, is the question. Genetic testing is a type of medical test that identifies changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. The results of a genetic test can confirm or rule out a suspected genetic condition, help determine a person’s chance of developing or passing on a genetic disorder or link up and reunite lost family lineage, ties (Sofge, 2014). For instance, the American reality TV star Snooki once thought she was Italian-American but her skin color was too dark. A genetic test showed that she had been adopted and her parents came from Chile instead. Regardless of the myriad benefits of genetic testing in solving various human mysteries and identification of people in criminal cases (innocent or guilty), disasters or family genealogy; predicting illnesses like brain disease, heart and genetic disorders as well as helping people understand their physical characteristics and personality traits, controversy of its use and application persists on across all fields of practice; research and clinical. According to Scuffham & MacMillan (2014), genetic testing has and continue to benefit the society in improving healthcare services and delivery, family genealogy and more importantly early screening and identification of diseases like Cystic fibrosis, Huntington’s, sickle cell anemia, Tay-Sachs. More than a thousand genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being developed. Several techniques are used for genetic testing: Molecular genetic tests
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