Is Neuropsychiatric Disorders Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

1261 WordsMay 9, 20166 Pages
The foremost disease category in the US is neuropsychiatric disorders, with 25% of citizens 18 years and older suffering from a diagnosable mental illness (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011; National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 2010). These mental disorders are broken into 5 axes and 17 DSM groups by the DSM-IV and include groupings such as developmental disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, mood disorders, etc. (American Psychological Association, 2013). Within the spectrum of mental disorders lies the anxiety disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD develops following exposure to a frightening event or situation in which there was a great risk of severe harm (NIMH, 2016). These events are exceedingly broad, but most often include accidents, natural disasters, violent assaults, and military combat. Currently, 70% of US adults have experienced a traumatic event, with an estimated 20% going on to develop PTSD (PTSD United, 2013). While these statistics are very much concerning, the prevalence of PTSD in current and past military personnel is found to be greater because of an increased inability to navigate through the social and structural pressures of society after returning home. Studies have found PTSD rates of 6% soon after returning, and up to 31% a year after returning from deployment. In addition, a review of PTSD studies in male and female Iraqi deployed troops have found PTSD rates of 5-20% for those not seeking treatment,

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