Is Osteoporosis A Bone Disease?

1695 WordsMar 7, 20167 Pages
Yadira Gregorio Bio 200A - 05 Osteoporosis Introduction: Osteoporosis is a bone disease that is most common in women than in men. To understand this disease is important for us to understand the structure, and the types functions which makeup all of our bones. The structure of a typical bone is as follows. Our body is composed of 206 bones which can be classified as long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. In this research we will be focusing in long bones, and irregular bones. An example of a long bone is our hips which is known as the femur. An example of an irregular bones is the vertebrae which gives us support. Before we continue with this research we need to understand the functions of our bones. There are seven…show more content…
The bone consists of the diaphysis and epiphysis. The diaphysis is the middle part of the bone and the diaphysis are the ends of all long bones like for example the hip bone. This structure only qualifies for all typical long bones in our bodies. In this disease of osteoporosis cells of bone tissues are also involved such as osteoblasts, and osteoclasts. Osteoblasts are involved in bone forming cells and they secrete calcium and binding proteins. Osteoclasts are involved in dissolving a damage bone and is a way that the bone can be repaired. Main Text: What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a disease in the bones that usually start for women after menopause. Osteoporosis is a disorder in the skeletal that is characterized by low bone density and the deterioration of bony tissue. According to the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published in 2009 states that osteoporosis happens when bone density has been reduced. Osteoporosis lies on fractures that occur in our lives and the most common fractures associated with osteoporosis occur in our distal forearms, hip bones, wrists and most importantly it occurs in the vertebrae discs, which result in a major health problem. According to the Postgraduate Medical Journal published in 2003 it states that the deterioration of bony tissue results in an increase in fracture risk. It also states that by the age 85, white women have a 3% annual incidence of hip
Open Document