Is Religious Fundamentalism Always Totalitarian and Prone to Violence?

1856 Words 8 Pages
Religious Fundamentalism is not a modern phenomenon, although, there has received a rise in the late twentieth century. It occurs differently in different parts of the world but arises in societies that are deeply troubled or going through a crisis (Heywood, 2012, p. 282). The rise in Religious Fundamentalism can be linked to the secularization thesis which implies that victory of reason over religion follows modernization. Also, the moral protest of faiths such as Islam and Christianity can be linked to the rise of Religious Fundamentalism, as they protest the influence of corruption and pretence that infiltrate their beliefs from the spread of secularization (Heywood, 2012, p. 283). Religious Fundamentalists have followed a traditional …show more content…
453). A prime example of an Islamic Fundamentalist movement is al-Qaeda which was a new militant Islamic group when it emerged in 1988. It followed on from the spread of strong religious beliefs and codes that was common in Africa and the Middle- East (Garner, Ferdinand and Lawson, 2007, p. 150). Al-Qaeda was founded by Osama bin Laden in Afghanistan, its goal when established was to spread the word of God and to make his religion to most triumphant religion of all. A main characteristic of Islamic Fundamentalism is to create a theocracy which is a regime based on religious principles (Garner, Ferdinand and Lawson, 2007, p. 150). Al-Qaeda is most known for its attack on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon in the USA in 2001, whom they openly claimed responsibility for and motivated the USA's war on terror (Goodwin, 2007, p. 432).

Another feature of Islamic Fundamentalism is their opposition to modernity, modern values to Muslims can be deeply alarming (Ball and Dagger, 2010, p. 454). Religious Fundamentalists have a sharp opposition is modern Western values which they feel are corrupting their people (Garner, Ferdinand and Lawson, 2007, p. 150). However much Islamic Fundamentalists oppose Western values they still embrace technology and scientific developments. Examples of such are Iran who would use nuclear weapons to defend itself against Western threats (Garner, Ferdinand and Lawson, 2007, p. 150). This
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