Is Ross A Pluralistic View On Inherently Good Things And The Values Of Human Beings

1284 WordsDec 19, 20166 Pages
Ross has a pluralistic view on intrinsically good things compared to hedonists that have a monistic view on intrinsically good things (Skelton, 2010). Ross argues that there is not only one intrinsically good thing, but that there in fact are four intrinsically good things: virtue, pleasure, justice, and knowledge. There should be more than one intrinsically good thing because there can be exceptions to pleasure as the only intrinsically good thing, which is also why a prima facie good thing is an important aspect to intrinsically good things and the values of human beings. Hedonists believe that there is only one intrinsically good value, which is pleasure. Anything that leads to pleasure is good for humans and ought to be sought. However, Ross disagrees with the fact that there is only one intrinsically good thing and instead argues that there are four intrinsically good things, which describe different situations where a thing can be intrinsically good and how they can overlap and interfere with one another. Ross does not believe in the monistic theory of value but in a pluralistic theory of value focusing on these four points. The first value to Ross is the disposition of virtue and action. It is a character trade as well as a moral action leading to a moral goodness. Ross further expands on this theory by focusing on action and the desire to do one’s duty as well as the desire to creating something good. Further the desire to create pleasure for others as well is

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