Is Self Esteem Is The Most Consistent Predictor Of The Likelihood And Extent Of Substance Abuse

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Client Goal
Research reveals that self-esteem is the most consistent predictor of the likelihood and extent of substance abuse (Uba et al., 2013). The client is a 15- year old female who was court ordered to Inspirations for Youth and Families treatment center. Client was arrested for shop lifting but was also charged with the possession of Heroin. For the past couple weeks, the client presented with low self-esteem of self that may have played a role in her poor choice in substance abuse. On top of Detox and group therapy, the client will receive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in hopes to improve self-esteem to alter the substance abuse behavior.
Single Subject Evaluation
The author used an ABAB design with the client. The ABAB design represents an effort to measure a baseline, a treatment measurement, the withdrawal of treatment, and the re-introduction of treatment. The author chose the design because it involves two parts including gathering of baseline information, the application of a treatment and measurement of the effects of the treatment; and of what happens when the treatment is removed and then again applying the treatment and measuring the change. With the amount of time allowed, the ABAB design worked best.
Measurement Tool The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS) was used to measure the clients level of self-esteem. The RSS is a 10 item scale that measures self-worth by evaluating both positive and negative feelings about the self. The scale is believed to be one

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