Is The Human Race?

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“Limited Civilization”

Throughout generations, the idea of civilization has been a controversial subject in a sense that no perfect definition can be given. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, civilization is “the condition that exists when people have developed effective ways of organizing a society and care about art, science, etc”. Although civilization has a positive cognition, Sigmund Freud, a neurologist and initiator of the concept of psychoanalysis, acquainted civilization as being something inadequate. Thus, civilization enables the human race to feel genuine happiness by outlawing actions that come instinctively by our individual psyche.

Freud argues that the human race was born inherently savage, meaning that each individual has inborn instincts that make them barbaric. In his book, Civilization and Its Discontents, he states, “The element of truth behind all this… is that men are not gentle creatures who want to be loved… they are, on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness” (Freud 68). Through this quote, Freud contests that humanity is not kind-hearted and good. Rather, they are naturally aggressive and evil, and the desire to be repulsive overpowers the desire to be good. The main purpose of life is not to feel cherished, but rather to be tempted into wrongdoings. Freud argues that it is our natural instincts as human beings to behave in this manner because they are inborn

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