Jake Wild Period 7 DBQ Essay Southern Secession of 1860 and 1861 “If slavery must not expand in your mind, it’s settled, we as a state secede from the governing of the Union and join a greater power, the Confederacy. We will no longer be hampered in your hatred towards our way of living. ”…“Then be on your way, I shall not dabble in your cruel pro-slavery reasoning. Just bear the knowledge in mind, we are stronger as a whole.” The Missouri Compromise kept inevitable split of the Nation at bay when it prohibited slavery north of the parallel 3630’ north line. This was later repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which implemented idea of popular sovereignty. This led to “Bleeding Kansas.” “Border Ruffians,” who were pro-slavery and the
Why the North Won the Civil War Historians have argued inconclusively for years over the prime reason for Confederate defeat in the Civil War. The book Why the North Won the Civil War outlines five of the most agreed upon causes of Southern defeat, each written by a highly esteemed American historian. The author of each essay does acknowledge and discuss the views of the other authors. However, each author also goes on to explain their botheration and disagreement with their opposition. The purpose of this essay is to summarize each of the five arguments presented by Richard N. Current, T. Harry Williams, Norman A. Graebner, David Herbert Donald, and David M. Potter. Each author gives his insight on one of the following five reasons:
In “Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War,” Charles B. Dew analyzes the public letters and speeches of white, southern commissioners in order to prove that the Civil War was fought over slavery. By analyzing the public letters and speeches of the commissioners, Dew
Ivan Ramirez Professor Sandy History 2300 20 November 2016 Charles Dew's "Apostles Of Disunion" The central thesis of this book is that the secession commissioners that were sent Deep South to other slave states in the winter of 1860-1861 played a major role in defending as well as urging people to subscribe to their ideology and follow them out of the Union. This thesis helps in giving insights in the South’s real intention, which can be argued out that it was to defend its slave trade culture that the North was totally against hence the use of secession as a means of convincing people. Even though the historians mostly ignore these men that were involved in the secession, these men played a vital role in the creation of the beautiful country
Southern secession? I cannot think of something more ridiculous. The way it was handled and the reasons were just flat out disgraceful. It all started with South Carolina is 1860 and it was all about slavery and states rights. First off, the way they declared secession and proceeded to do so
Why Did Southern States Secede From The Union? Why did the Southern states separate from the Union? In the 1850’s Southern States had different views of the Union. In the 1850’s Northern states and Southern states had a lot of differences. Southern states were adamant about having slavery and Northern states thought slavery was appalling and terrible and that it should be abolished.The two states also fought over economic differences because the North made a living based on factories and the South made a living based on slaves. They also fought over government power, the South thought they deserved more power than the Federal Government. Therefore it led to the Civil War. Southern States seceded from the Union because of slavery, economic differences and issues over government power.
The first reason that the south seceded from the union was because of the differences in economies and the protective tariff. The southern economy was more based on agriculture and plantations(document 1), while the northern economy was more based on factories and manufactured goods. When the south was buying imported goods, they would buy from europe even when the north had the goods because it was cheaper. This angered the north and to protect their economy, they decided to put a protective tariff on imported goods from europe (document 2). This angered the
One reason why the South seceded is because of a high tariff or tax on European imported good by the North. Page 342 stated that the Northern Government placed a high tariff to beat other competitors to protect american industry after the war.Document 2 stated that the South was forced by the North to buy the Northern industry material to protect the Northerner income. This forced Southern buyers to start purchasing materials from the Northern industries which were also very expensive. Many Southerners felt anger towards the way that the North put a tax on the goods they wanted. Even during the Civil War Southerners remembered how unfair the North had treated them.
Katey Mercurio History 17B Christopher R. Jackson 15 February 2017 Secession The disagreements for the north and south over the tariffs became the greatest battle between them, as slavery was only legal in the south. The north states was banned by the Mason- Dixonline, Secession has begun, this was a reason for slavery to begin. They started the war as soon as they could, in order to get there slaves in time for their businesses and factories. In 1860, when Lincoln was president, the constitution believed that every state had the right to leave the union. Lincoln did not agree, he did not believe that they have a right. “He opposed secession for these reasons: Physically the states cannot separate, secession is unlawful, a government
1. The southern commissioners, politicians and committees made many arguments to try to justify secession. The southerners tried to argue that allowing colored people to participate in their government would lower their standards and affect them. Charles B. Dew elaborates on what the southerners said, “Our fathers made this a government for the white man,” Harris told the Georgians, “rejecting the negro, as an ignorant, inferior, barbarian race, incapable of self-government, and not, therefore, entitled to be associated with the white man upon terms of civil, political, or social equality.” An argument made to justify secession was that allowing colored people to be free would disgrace white people and affect their social rankings. It was
This shows that South Carolina had the right to secede because it was a sovereign state. It also shows how the South should have had the right to decide whether they would want to secede from the country or not. Another example is that when the Southern states joined the Union, it was voluntarily (Appleby et.al 556). “Nowhere in the Constitution is there any mention of the union of the states being permanent.” (http:/civilwar.bluegrass.net). This shows that they should have the right to leave the Union if they choose to. They had this right because the South had no bind with the Union stating that they had to stay except for the United States constitution in which the North had already violated. Even though the United States constitution was what they looked at as a contract, the Union already desecrated its’ terms before this dispute. It also shows how the right was their own and the government could not control their choices in staying or not. These reasons and examples show how the South had to right to secede because of various reasons regarding the political state the government was in.
One of the most prevalent justifications and causes for southern secession was the protection of state and citizen rights. More specifically, the protection of the rights given to them, and protected by, the fifth amendment of the Constitution. This amendment protected the rights to property that American citizens possessed, which in the south translated into the protection of their slaves, whom they considered their property. The majority of southern opinion was that the northern states, or the union, were attempting to “strike down the rights of [the] Southern slave-holder and override every barrier which their constitution has erected for his protection” (Document 2, p. 93). By this, the southern opinion was arguing that the northern majority in the federal government was intentionally limiting southern citizens’ constitutional rights, which in the 1860’s was a serious accusation. The most common instance used to support this was the, in the southern opinion, disregard for the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. Many secessionists pointed out that this law was meant to protect property rights, but that multiple northern states were attempting to nullify it (Document 2, p. 94), thereby attacking southern rights in addition to the federal laws in place.
Southerners had the choice to not seceded and remain with the Union but, they didn't and they made a small probably become a civil war. This is one big difference between the South and the Colonists. The South seceded for other reasons also for one, the election of Abraham Lincoln. Back before the election James Buchanan was the president having no force, power, or backbone he caused irate anger in the Democratic party causes them to split. As a result of the seperation of the party President Lincoln was elected. Southerners were very angry because not only were they pro slavery but, they despised
Its easy to say that the South suffered tremendous damages to its economy and infrastructure, but not providing background on the situation, doesn’t justify the grievance. Its important too look at all the aspects as to what end to the last resort. The main point, is that Congress and the President (Lincoln and Johnson) didn’t meet eye to eye about reconstruction. Congress believed in black suffrage; pushing for rights for blacks and their protection and harsh punishment for the states that seceded, while the President believed in an easier punishment, seeking and assuring the democratic vote to win reelection. Congress in the end was seeking that the states would ratify their constitution, in which some states did but were given full power