Is There A Water Shortage?

1269 Words Apr 1st, 2016 6 Pages
Have you ever wondered how much of the Earth’s water is drinkable? Well, the surface of the Earth is made up of 70% water. 97% of that water is saline, meaning salt water, which is found in oceans and seas. The last 3% is freshwater which humans need to survive and that number is going down. In the U.S., droughts, floods, and climate changes are rapidly going up. It is suggested that by the next 10 years one of many regions in the U.S. is going to face a water shortage.
Over the last four years, Californians have gotten a big wake-up call, as drought forces them to reconsider water as a scarce commodity. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, the region 's water supplier, delivered 15% less water to cities in the greater Los Angeles area back in July 2015 (Kincaid). “While the rest of the U.S. hasn 't been requested to reduce water use, that doesn 't mean they have a free pass to use as much water as they want. 40 out of 50 states according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office have at least one region that 's expected to face some kind of water shortage in the next 10 years” (Kincaid). Shortages happen when there 's not enough fresh water suitable for human use in the lakes, rivers, reservoirs, and aquifers they can access. Rain and snowfall do replace the water the population takes from these sources, but that refill takes time and depends on yearly precipitation. Drought-stricken California, for example, has a much-reduced snowpack (in 2015)…

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