Is Water A Finite Renewable Natural Resources Vital For Sustainability?

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Increased unemployment and Government spending, higher prices on goods and services, smaller revenues, etc. are among negative consequences of drought in California. Moreover, as Howitt, R., Medellin-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D., Lund, J.&Sumner, D. (2014, pp.1-28) continued, if the drought will remain for two more years, groundwater reserves will be overused to replace surface water damages, and it will lead to decrease of pumping ability and increase in costs and losses due to depletion of groundwater. Failure to replenish groundwater will reduce availability to sustain agriculture during the drought, especially more profitable crops like grapes and almonds (Howitt, R., Medellin-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D., Lund, J. & Sumner, D., 2014, pp.1-28).…show more content…
California’s drought affected environmental and social and economic well-being of California.
The effects of extremely dry and hot conditions on the environment:
• Increased wildfire and spread of pollution, which causes loss of natural inhabitant
• Loss of vegetation
• Unsustainable conditions for animals
• Endangerment of species
• Overuse of groundwater which causes depletion of it and land to sink
The effects of drought on economic and social sectors of California in 2014 (Howitt, R., Medellin-Azuara, J., MacEwan, D., Lund, J.&Sumner, D., 2014, pp.1-28) :
• Reduction of water availability for agricultural sector, given its high demands and low reservoir levels, which causes economic losses;
• To compensate lack of surface water, residents use groundwater, which in 2014 replaced as much as 75 percent or 5.1 million of acre-feet of approximately 6.6 million acre-foot loss of available surface water, which raised share of groundwater of agricultural water supply in California from 31% to 51%.
• Increased usage of groundwater will cause its depletion and increase of costs and losses
• Job loss in agricultural sector which represents 3.8 percent of farm unemployment.
• Central Valley lost $800 in farm revenues and $447 in pumping costs. Dairy and livestock lost about $203 million in agricultural revenues.
• Coastal and Southern California lost $10.1 million in revenues and $6.3 in additional pumping costs
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