Is Zika Virus An Emerging Mosquito Borne Virus?

969 WordsFeb 24, 20164 Pages
Issue: The “Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys… It was subsequently identified inhuman in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania”("Zika virus", 2016). However, unfortunately, it now has been reported in the United States as of 2016. The disease has been reported to cause potential neurological and auto-immune complications, as well as, increase the likelihood of babies being born with microcephaly or “a rare neurological condition in which an infant’s head is significantly smaller than the heads of other children of the same age and sex”("Microcephaly", 2016). Since the Zika virus is spread by mosquitos and their breeding sites it can pose a significant risk for the transmission of the virus, and prevention often relies on the source reduction of mosquitos themselves, which can often be difficult. “So far, 31 domestic cases have been reported all outside of the U.S. However, as warm weather approaches, the odds could be that local transmission of the mosquito-borne disease will begin to be seen (Bryant, 2016). II. Communication Problem: Now that I have explained just what the Zika virus is, how it spreads, and its implication, you may be wondering why this disease is an important health communication issue. Since the World Health Organization has declared the Zika virus “public health emergency of international concern,” U.S. hospitals are scrambling to learn what they can about the

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