Is the Death Penalty Ethical? Essay

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People are born into different beliefs and understanding of many worldly controversial topics. One of those topics is the death penalty. When a question is raised on such a topic, there are many ideas that are sparked. One controversial question that people ponder on is; is the death penalty an ethical way of reducing crime? It is interesting not only to see different opinions but to see data that supports and complements those opinions. Searching for information I came across three different arguments concerning the topic of the death penalty and its ability to reduce crime ethically. The first argument was made by two men John J. Donohue and Justin Wolfers. Their argument is that we can be sure that the death penalty does not cause or …show more content…
This research led them to some conclusions and one of these conclusions was that we can be sure that the death penalty does not cause or eliminate large numbers of homicides or other sort’s of violence in the United States or Canada. This led them to further conclusions that the death penalty is an unethical way of reducing crime. This study was looking directly at interpreting the correlation between the sum of crimes committed and the amount of executions carried out. According to the findings it is unfortunate that the scores found by John J. Donohue and Justin Wolfers are not particularly encouraging. Each study reports the mean or median percentage change in homicide rates in states that either abolished or reinstated the death penalty. The one-year window reports how murder rates changed from one year before abolition or reinstatement to one year after; the two-year window is the change in the homicide rate over the two years subsequent to reform compared to the two years before, with similar calculations for the three-year window. This was done to few states with the death penalty and the results were all relatively similar with no big margins in the percentile findings.

Hashem Dezhbakhsh and Paul H. Rubin take a different side of view than John J. Donohue and Justin Wolfers. Dezhbakhsh and Rubin argue that the results suggest that capital punishment has a strong deterrent effect; each execution results, on average, in 18 fewer murders. Tests show that…

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