Is there a democratic deficit in the EU and if so, how might it be reduced?

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Is there a democratic deficit in the EU and if so, how might it be reduced? One of the most controversial debates in the history of European Union (EU) is if there is a democratic deficit in the EU. On the one hand, many scholars argued that the democratic deficit exists in the EU. On the other hand, there are other scholars who claimed that there is not a democratic deficit in the EU. In this essay, the writer will support the argument that the democratic deficit in the EU exists and will propose how this deficit can be reduced. In the first part of this paper the arguments, which support the existence of the democratic deficit, will be discussed. After that, this essay will present the claims that there is no democratic deficit in the…show more content…
Furthermore, people can vote for and support the head of potential government. As a result, Hix (2005:175) argues that democracy exists if there is a competition between rival political manifestos for public policies and between the leaders of political parties and if there is a possibility to change the government if citizens do not satisfy from government’s policies. To conclude, in the majority of the democracies today, the party or the leader that wins the elections becomes the government or the president (Hix 2005:176). What is democratic deficit? As it is discussed briefly what this essay means as democracy, it is important to define what is democratic deficit. Because of there is not a clear and concise definition for democratic deficit; this essay is based on the standard version and the five standard claims of democratic deficit as it was presented from Hix (2008). The first claim is that European integration has led to an increase of executive power on the one hand and on the other hand that national parliament lose more of their power (Hix & Follesdal 2006:534, Raunio 1999). It is true, that members of governments of members-states of the EU participate in the legislation process such as ministers from national governments in the council of minister. As a result, it is possible that national governments can overcome the national parliaments when vote or co-decision in legislative process in the EU (Hix & Follesdal 2006).

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