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Isaac's Case Study: A Consequence Of Testing ALL Students

Decent Essays
1. According to A Consequence of Testing ALL Students article, Isaac was referred for special education services in 4th grade for behavioral issues, which also seemed to be about the time he lost his dad. The article did not mention whether or not Isaac and his family members received any counseling after the loss of his father. I am going to assume they did not; otherwise, his records would have contained that piece of information regardless of the “large number of personnel turnover” later on (A Consequence of Testing ALL Students). Since Isaac never received any counseling, his problem behaviors are more likely a result of his loss, confusion, and anger. He probably did not know any appropriate alternative ways for expressing himself or…show more content…
There are three major functions for a student’s behavior, which are: to escape and/or avoid an unpleasant task or situation, to gain attention from the teacher or peers, and to acquire a tangible reward (Smith, Lesson 7 course reading). In Isaac’s case, it seems his behaviors were exhibited in order to avoid and escape from his environment. The article did not mention Isaac’s performance in job training activities, which makes me wonder how his behavior compares across different settings. If his behavior is different, then it is a sign of what his values are, such as prioritizing work over education in order to provide for his…show more content…
The sudden growth in the school’s district transformed the district into “a district with an ethnically and racially diverse student population” with “no large scale multicultural education programs” implemented (A Consequence of Testing ALL Students). As a result, all the school personnel that Isaac encountered most likely did not have the cultural knowledge and awareness that June and Alexis have. Harry and Klingner (2014) does an excellent job of describing Isaac’s situation when they said, “the cultural nature of behavior makes it difficult to know to whose behavioral norms children are being compared and whether culturally different social interaction styles between teachers and students contribute, at best, to misinterpretation of children’s behaviors or, at worst, to culturally biased patterns of discipline.” The fact that Isaac was African American did not help his case either since this group of ethnic students tends to be overrepresented in special education. Since past school personnel did not have the opportunity to participate in multicultural education programs, they contributed the cause of Isaac’s behavior to be a disorder rather than to cultural and environmental factors. Once Isaac was placed in special education, it seemed school personnel saw his placement as permanent because throughout
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