Islam : A Monotheistic Religion Essay

1301 WordsNov 28, 20166 Pages
Islam is a monotheistic religion that was founded in Saudi Arabia during the seventh century AD. The belief stems from a man who lived from 570 AD to 632 known as Muhammad, he is known to be the last prophet of god to Muslims. In contrast to Christian beliefs, Jesus, like Muhammad, was a messenger for the word of God, who is better known as “Allah”. In comparison with both Christianity and Judaism, Islam takes prophets from both religions; Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, and apply it to their belief in Allah. The spread of Islam happened through Muhammad’s devoted followers all across the the Arabian peninsula, shortly after his death there were military expeditions, called "futuhat," or literally "openings," into what is now Egypt and other parts of North Africa. Their quest of conversion was very successful but those with a little more resistance were met with a “holy war”. Though Islam is not a religion that encourages violence, it is one that is very devoted to Allah, and followers are encouraged to defend it; and those that read the Koran would find loopholes to wage such acts in justification to their actions. The spread of Islam was only aided through the ongoing war between the Byzantine and Persian empires, the people were tired and open to conquest. In 636, Arab armies conquered Syria. The Muslims then won Iraq from the Persians and, within ten years after Muhammad 's death, subdued Persia itself. The greater part of Egypt fell with little resistance in 640
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