Islam : An Abrahamic Monotheistic Religions

1675 WordsApr 18, 20177 Pages
Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion that believes that there is only one god, Allah. Today, it is one of the fastest-growing major religions in the world with over 1.6 billion followers which makes up 23% of the population. The great religion had a modest beginning and preserved to spread and become the force that it is today. Most historians believe that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina in the beginning of the 7th century. The religion was first established by the prophet Muhammad whom the archangel Jibril (Gabriel) revealed the Qur’an to. During this time, there was increasing conflict in Mecca between different social classes and Muhammad’s message appealed to those that were suffering and through this, Islam began to…show more content…
The first battle was during the conquests was the Battle of Qadisiyya during the year 637 that was fought between the Muslim-Arabs and the Sasanian Persians. In 636, Caliph Umar sent roughly 8,000 men to Iraq, where they were met by the Persian forces and elephants under the command of Rostam. Despite the size of the opposing Persian army, the “Arabs were inspired by the knowledge that Allah was behind them and the preaching of Muhammad” and fought hard. The victor of the Battle of Qadisiyya was largely decided by the arrival of Syrain reinforcements and the death of key Persian figures such as Rostam. This victory was crucial to the conquest of Iraq and gave the Muslim Arabs access to Sawad and Ctesiphon. The next battle was in the year 642, Yazhgerd raised another army in Jebāl to fight off the Muslim Arabs that were approaching the city of Nehavand. In response, Umar decided to combine the forces in Kufan and Basran to fight against the Persian army. The full extent and progression of the battle is hard to piece together because of anecdotal stories that have slipped into the records, but it is generally believed to have lasted several days before a Muslim victory was declared.This victory effectively ended the resistance in the Jebāl and gave the Muslims greater access to trade routes, allowing them to grow and
Open Document