Essay about Islam

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Islamism is a captivating phenomenon that has been continuously visited in literature since its emergence in the 1970's. In particular, the Iranian Revolution has received curious attention in the pursuit to understand the nature, power and effects of Islamism. This essay makes a critical assessment of the opinions journalist Afshin Molavi's draws on Iran and Islamism in his journal styled compilation Persian Pilgrimages: Journeys across Iran, `Pilgrimage: The Shrine of Ayatollah Khomeini' . The discussion will explore Molavi's ideas against the historical narrative of David Reynolds' One World Divisible: A Global History Since 1945 and the opinionated informative piece Islamic Fundamentalism, `The Transcendence of Islam' by Youssef M …show more content…
In addition, Molavi also gives descriptive attention to the disproportioned fates faced by cleric opposition who voiced concerns in the consistency of Khomeini's system of government with Islam, all of which serve to paint a convincing image of Khomeini as a political tyrant rather than a religious minded cleric.

However, it is contented that perhaps the question of Khomeini's characterisation should not be confined to the opinions of fellow clerics. The broader question: what does Khomeini and Islamism represent seems to be more relevant? A religious revival or a political movement?

On the one hand, the justification of Molavi's observation appears inevitable. Across all literature, Islamism is described like many `isms', a way to control the state, run society, and remake the human being, likewise `Revolutions' have the same connotations. It is an Islamic-flavoured version of totalitarianism, which is argued by Reynolds to be a highly versatile political ideology that is `used to justify Libya's populist socialism and Bangladesh's conservative authoritarianism...the anti-Americanism of Iran and the pro-American stance of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia'. Choureiri recognises a similar point; that the many forms of Islamism seek to justify different political agendas as a modern reaction to changes in political climate. In particular, Islamic `reformism aimed at bridging the gap between European supremacy and Islamic culture so as to amalgamate both

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