Islamic Fundamentalism

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Islamic Fundamentalism Contest Introduction I. Islam as a Religion II. Islamic Fundamentalism 3.1. Defining Fundamentalism and the Backgrounds of Islamic Fundamentalism 3.2. Islamic fundamentalist movements Conclusion Bibliography Introduction Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world and is second only to Christianity in number of adherents. Muslims live in all parts of the world, but the majority of Muslims are concentrated in the Middle East and Asia North Africa, Central Asia, Indonesia and Malaysia. Today, more than a billion people around the world are Muslims. It is very well known that certain networks have flourished in many countries throughout the world. Small but…show more content…
Other precepts of Islam are concerned with matters such as diet, clothing, personal hygiene, business ethics, responsibilities toward parents, spouses, and children, marriage, divorce, inheritance, civil and criminal law, fighting in defense of Islam, relations with non-Muslims, and much more. Sharia (Islamic law) is integrally connected with Islam and its teachings. According to the Law encyclopedia "Sharia - a set of religious and legal norms, based on the Koran and Sunnah (Islamic sacred traditions), containing norms of the state, inheritance, criminal and matrimonial law. In other words, Sharia - are legal requirements inherent in Islamic theology, which is closely related to its religious and ideas. Islam considers the legal establishment of a single particle of the divine law and order. Hence, the commands and prohibitions that make up the Shariah, also religious meaning and God`s will. Sharia was developed as a strictly confessional right. The most important recourse of Islamic law is the holly book of Koran. The Koran is the foundation of Islam, for religious ceremonies sets, legal and moral norms, lifestyles and rules of behavior for millions of Muslims. Without knowing the Koran, people can not understand the customs and traditions that exist in the world of Islam. The Koran consists of 114 chapters (suras). In addition to the
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