Islamic Fundamentalism

5550 Words Apr 21st, 2013 23 Pages
Islamic Fundamentalism

Contest
Introduction
I. Islam as a Religion II. Islamic Fundamentalism 3.1. Defining Fundamentalism and the Backgrounds of Islamic Fundamentalism 3.2. Islamic fundamentalist movements
Conclusion
Bibliography

Introduction
Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world and is second only to Christianity in number of adherents. Muslims live in all parts of the world, but the majority of Muslims are concentrated in the Middle East and Asia North Africa, Central Asia, Indonesia and Malaysia. Today, more than a billion people around the world are Muslims. It is very well known that certain networks have flourished in many countries throughout the world.
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Coughlin, Indonesia is home to the world`s largest Muslim population – and, in population terms, it is the fourth- largest country in the world.
First of all, let us look what is it Islam as a religion. In our days, often people see Islam as something bad and immidiatly link it to terrorism and jihad. Islam, especially after 9/11, and other terrorist attacks in Russia and other countries, and recent events in the Middle East, was misinterpreted. Many people in Russia, and throughout the world consider Islam as threat of stability, peace and progress, and Muslims - the fanatics, the rich idlers containing harems. A lot of people have a distrust of the Muslims and Islam, fear it, and regard as a terrible threat, in fact without knowing nothing about it. But if we look into the original Islam we can see more than that, the great, smart religion, with good ideals and aims, similar in some way with Christianity.
Islam is one of the yongest of the world religions. It was originated in the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula at the beginning of VII century. In pre-Islamic time, Arab people were devided into conflicting between each other tribes, the social and economic gap were very high. Seeking for uniting the tribes in the Hejaz of Western Arabia, Muhammad (570-632g.), who proclaimed himself as a prophet founded a community, which has formed the basis of subsequent state organization - the Arab Caliphate. The prophet Muhammad was
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