The world in which Winston Smith lives in is very frightening. It is very unlikely that people from the world we live in would survive for long living in it. I think it is an awful time to be alive because you have no freedom at all. Winston is in the worst possible position, he is in the Outer Party. He is being monitored at all times and he can only cooperate. It seems that the proles and the Inner Party are much better off. I think that this is true because nobody cares about the proles and they can do what they want. The bad thing about them is that they are very poor and have no money. We don’t really know much about them. Maybe just like any other animal they have adapted to the bad conditions and somehow they are
In the society of Oceania, citizens are given two choices. They can either believe in the Party, its promises and obvious lies, or they can choose to rebel, which no one ever succeeded in history. Winston writes down his viewpoint in his diary, “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows” (84). He thinks that as long as he can hold onto a truth like two plus two equals four, then he has a foundation of reality and can resist the Party’s attempts to tell him lies. As a member of The Party, he betrays it in a such distinct way, and he also understands that writing diary will be severely punished in Oceania, “This was not illegal, but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty-fine years in a forced-labour camp” (6). Betrayal in literal means the act of disloyalty to expose someone’s true feelings and yet, Winston betrays the Party by writing down his rebellious thoughts and rebels against The Party in such drastic way. With the decision to possess rebellious thoughts, he should have known that his actions are too risky to be left uncovered, and his careless betrayal to The Party leaves him with an inevitable result where he faces the betrayal to
In George Orwell’s 1984, the strategies used by Oceania’s Political Party to achieve total control over the population are similar to the ones employed by Joseph Stalin during his reign. Indeed, the tactics used by Oceania’s Party truly depicts the brutal totalitarian society of Stalin’s Russia. In making a connection between Stalin’s Russia and Big Brothers’ Oceania, each Political Party implements a psychological and physical manipulation over society by controlling the information and the language with the help of technology.
In order for the “Big Brother” to maintain this ideology, the ruler needs to have highly organized system and individuals to follow each and every task. In the novel, Oceania’s society has reached the level of brainwashing. In order for anyone to conquer such a vast and complicated system, the individual will need a highly-organized plan and a sophisticated mind to carry through. Winston possesses neither of these traits; therefore he was doomed to fail.
1984 has come and gone. The cold war is over. The collapse of oppressive totalitarian regimes leads to the conclusion that these governments by their nature generate resistance and are doomed to failure. The fictional world of George Orwell's novel, 1984, is best described as hopeless; a nightmarish dystopia where the omnipresent State enforces perfect conformity among members of a totalitarian Party through indoctrination, propaganda, fear, and ruthless punishment. In the aftermath of the fall of capitalism and nuclear war, the world has been divided among three practically identical totalitarian nation-states. A state of perpetual war and poverty is the rule in Oceania. However, this is merely a backdrop, far from the most terrifying
Nations all around the world are still healing from the wounds of twentieth century totalitarianism, yet more seems to be on the horizon. In his 1984 magnum opus, George Orwell warns future generations of the many dangers of allowing government, or the powerful few, from being the chiefs of law expression and history using the eerie, all-powerful dystopian Party. Unfortunately, it is a warning few have truly heeded in the past half century. Resulting from a lack of written laws, the Party may prosecute its citizens relentlessly and without reason. Moreover, the Party maintains an iron grip on all published information, ensuring a death hold on all free expression and education. Yet, above all, the Party controls history; it rewrites, revises and republishes the past to secure their totalitarian future. In spite of these warnings, the decades following the publication of this novel saw nations continue on the
In the beginning of the book we see that Big Brother is in charge of Oceania and at the end of the novel, Big Brother is still in charge. The beginning of the novel is important as the end, however, nothing seems to change Winston loved big brother then later he questions himself why he loves Big brother. After being torture he no longer has questions of Big Brother or where his loyalty is he loves and respect Big Brother. “But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother” (Book 3 Chapter 6). During the novel, Winston wanted to join a rebellion and fight against Big Brother but after being torture Winston hopes faded and ended up if nothing has happened. The only thing Winston change is some words that went against the Party but after losing his job and being torture he went along with whatever Big Bother said. Which made no difference to Oceania since they have still had to follow and obey the Party and their awful
Additionally, the portrayal of this dystopian society controlled by a totalitarian government might have been understood well by contemporary audiences, mirroring the rules of totalitarian regimes such as Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy- the citizens have no influence on the government and have no freedom of choosing the rules that govern and control every part of their lives. Therefore, Winston blames the misery in his life totally and completely on the government and on Big Brother. In Winston’s case, we can see that the propaganda, deprivation, and strict rules fail to make him concur with the party and accept Big Brother- in this situation, the party has to use extreme force and torture to make Winston love the party as well as Big Brother, in order for the party to maintain complete power.
In the story, Winston keeps a journal where he jots down all of his inner thoughts that he can not express out loud, and must keep the journal hidden from the telescreens that constantly watch his every move. Additionally, Winston works for the part of the government in control of erasing the events before Oceania was created, and replacing the history with new, false information to trick citizens into believing that there was never a time before Oceania. With this being said, Winston has a taste of what the world was like before their current government came to be, and throughout the story he becomes more curious about what life would be like without Oceania. Although in the end Winston does conform to the ways of the government and to Big Brother, he inwardly questions for the most part of the
The government has a strict control over history, science and technology, and language, that controls the people and ultimately leads to their support. Their control over history leads to people learning that the Party is and always has been right. Winston’s job at the Ministry of Truth is to falsify documents in the Party’s favor. There is no record of the Party ever doing anything wrong. Therefore, when taught history people only learn the biased version, where the Party is right and good. This leads people to support the government. Although, the majority of the time the Party is wrong. The Party also teaches little about science and technology. They control science and technology so that no one except the Party members can invent something to outshine the current technology. This way they prevent evolution of the people which prevents any revolt, which ultimately means unconditional support of the people. The last aspect of education which the Party has complete control over is language. Over the course of time, the language of Oceania has transitioned into “Newspeak”, making the old way of speaking “Oldspeak” . The Party has taken out words such as hate and God. By removing certain words, the Party makes it so people start to only feel certain emotions. Eventually, the language can only be used to support and love the Party and Big Brother. Language, along with history and science and
Life in Oceania is dull, lifeless and described as ‘swimming against the current’. Orwell creates a dire feeling of hopelessness through his destruction of friendship, family, love and individual thoughts. Love and sex are no longer accepted under the totalitarian regime and Winston is therein forced to suppress all his sexual desires treating sex as merely a procreative duty. His marriage to Katherine was purely ‘[their] duty to the Party’ whose end was the creation of new party members. This shows that in a totalitarian world it is wholly necessary to adhere to the constraints enforced by a government not only for personal salvation but also for the survival of the entirety of the human race.
In Oceania, history in textbooks cannot be trusted because of its many revisions in its short amount of time. This process of revision is in Winston’s job description. It is his and his department’s responsibility to manufacture lies, and out of all of this slander that is created, some are hand picked by the Party to become sick twisted truths. With the selected fabrications becoming authentic, only human memory proves facts to be true, but “since the Party is in full control of all records, and equally full control of the minds of its members, it follows that the past is whatever the Party chooses to make it,” and it can be altered by the Party numerous amounts of times without citizens questioning their authority (213). As the Party exercises control of Oceania, it becomes an issue of social control. It symbolizes that nothing in Oceania is a reliable source, not even the human mind. This kind of power soon becomes a powerful controversy of the mind to Winston. Even as an employee of the fabrication department, Winston is not able to differentiate which country his country is at war with; is it Eurasia, or has it always been Eastasia? The occupation of Winston and his fellow comrades represents the power and control over its citizens without most citizens recognizing how powerless they are.
They believe and worship whatever the leaders have to say to them. Winston in the Ministry of truth begins to realize that his job is nothing like it sounds like. This society changes old history, along with altering facts and making change seem insignificant. When the leaders change major historical and economic events like, “At just this moment it had been announced that Oceania was not after all at war with Eurasia. Oceania was at war with Eastasia. Eurasia was an ally”(Orwell 180), it just does not seem to affect the citizens of Oceania in the slightest. The citizens of Oceania sit back and act as if this piece of information is irrelevant and nothing has changed nor affects their lives at all. This is due to the fact that they are limited in the amount of education and vocabulary that they have readily available to them. The citizens of this terrible society are also under the impression that they cannot even think something bad or else they will be punished for it. Everything is out of the question when it comes to freedoms, “A party member lives from birth to death under the eye of the Thought Police. Even when he is alone he can never be sure that he is alone...He had no freedom of choice in any direction whatever”(Orwell 210). The people of Oceania are under constant surveillance and have no freedoms at all. There is a
Despite Winston's passionate hatred for the Party and his desire to test the limits of the Party's power, his capacity to carry out action against the Party is burdened (i.e. lacking positive freedom) by his intense paranoia and overriding belief that he will ultimately suffer scrutiny and brutal torture for the crimes he
In a society where rulers have absolute control by using human nature to their advantage, individuality is stripped away and horrific effects appear. In 1984, George Orwell presents a totalitarian nation driven to serious extents of sovereignty. The ruling elite have the power to demand mental, moral, and physical compliance from citizens. The values of Ingsoc influence people to perform almost mechanically. Using constant propaganda, the population is blinded of the widespread deception. With loyal followers, Big Brother and the party succeed in controlling everyone by using their innate inclination to fear and hate.