Since the UN partition of Israel and Palestine in 1947, Israel has been placed in many instances of conflict between the Jewish migrants to the region and the Palestinian natives. Several conflicts resulted in open, declared war, such as the First Arab-Israeli War of 1948-1949, and the Yom Kippur War of 1973. In addition, Israel has been involved in the occupation of the West Bank and the blockade of the Gaza Strip. After the last open war, Israel’s occupation of the West Bank has been marked by the military governorate, taking political and institutional control of the region that is ethnically and religiously different than the population that resides in the Jewish state of Israel.
A popular and most recent debate has been whether Israel should exist as a state. Currently, Israel is the only country in the world that has a relatively extensive Jewish population. More recently, Israel has been combatting against Palestinian soldiers in Gaza to prevent attacks on Israel coming from the Palestinian Government. This war has gone on for quite some time now; for years, actually. But how did this conflict develop? It certainly didn’t happen overnight.
Israel, a country slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey, is located in the Middle East. It borders the Mediterranean Sea for a length of 168 miles. In the south and southwest, it borders the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sinai Peninsula. Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula during the war of June 1967 and returned it to Egypt in April 1982. To the east, it shares a 147-mile borderline with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and 189 miles with the Palestinian Autonomous Area on the western shore of the Jordan River. In the north, Israel shares 49 miles of borders with Lebanon, and with Syria for 47 miles on the disputed Golan Heights.
Though Israel as a state has been around longer than most countries, it has in recent times had a rebirth of sorts. I've chosen the foundation of Israel as my I-Search paper topic, which is a topic I have a moderate amount of base knowledge in. Israel has been in existence for several thousand years ago, but only recently was the modern state of Israel created. This occurred in the aftermath of World War ll, however, the campaign that seceded has begun several decades beforehand. Sovereignty for the country was achieved not through riots or wars, but in the hard work of many lawyers and activists. Despite a peaceful and legal founding, Israel has been in constant defensive warfare fare from other Levantine countries. This nation's view Israel's
e. Size of armed forces: roughly 160,000 troops divided among the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), the Israel Naval Force (IN), and the Israel Air Force (IAF)
In Isreal, At sundown on the eve of Independence Day, the mood of the country is begis to change as people begin celebrating Independence. The US and Isreal are very close friends and allies, Isreal and the US support each other every way they can. Isrealis have looked to the US for political inspiration, financail and military assistance and diplomatic support. During more than six decades of state building, Isreal has looked up to the United States. Americans have viewed Isreal with a special appreciation for its successful effort to follow the western democratic tradition, its remarkable economic development, and its determind struggle against it uncompromising enemies.
Many have tried to find a path towards peace and all have failed, but some have been close to compromise. Over the last 70 years, part of the land of Israel has changed hands multiple times. Before 1947, the land of Israel was under a British Mandate, but during the War of Independence, the Zionists gained control of the British Mandate land as well as Palestinian land. “Jordan annexed the West Bank, while Egypt assumed control of Gaza."(Pro-con) This land becomes known as the State of Israel, “open for Jewish immigration and for...Exiles; it will foster the development of the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants”(Ben-Gurion) and is recognized by the UN. This establishment caused controversy, the Muslims living in the land of Israel were being labeled as refugees and the tension between the Israelis and Palestinians. 20 years later another war broke out, the Six Day War, when Israel found out the surrounding Arab countries were planning an attack on Israel. Being proactive, Israel attacked, destroying military resources of Egypt. The war broke out strong. Israel was surrounded on all sides and outnumbered. But Israel fought back strong and in the end the “Israeli army occupying Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, Syria's Golan Heights, and Jordan's West Bank.”(Pro-con) In just six days the Land of Israel more than doubled in size and Israel survived another war. But, the Palestinians were even more enraged because their
Three Christian groups have collaborated to launch a 13-part original series titled “Why Israel Matters,” which aims to show how important the Jewish state is to America, Christians, and the rest of the world.
The nation of Israel was originally a nation of nomadic people who were isolated and oppressed. After the horrific events of the Holocaust some Jewish people made homes in Israel. The people who made their homes came to be known as Israelites. They were given this name because the nation was named after Israel who was originally known as Jacob (Fisher, 2005). The nation of Israel has always been in a state of disorder and confusion, and in 1947 the United Nations gave Israel to the Jewish people who declared it an independent state in 1948. Israel’s Arabic neighbors did not support this decision and war followed. Battles are still being fought today. Tension also exists within the Jewish community in Israel. There have been many Jewish people who have settled in Israel. These settlers have diverse backgrounds. Some are orthodox and some are not which can bring tension. Even
Since its establishment in 1948, Israel has been threatened with extinction from the hostile Arab countries that border it. This has forced them to be cautious, prepared, and on alert. Immediately after it gained statehood in 1948, they were attacked by five arab countries. Against all odds, they managed to defeated their adversaries. Their independence was still not recognized. One war changed this. The Yom Kippur war changed the way people looked at Israel, changed Israel’s military borders, and showed that Israel has a large military power.
The Declaration of Independence ‘notified the world that the Land of Israel was the historic birthplace of the Jewish people, that the Zionist movement was the testimony to the role Palestine had fulfilled in Jewish history and religion, that the Balfour Declaration, the United Nations Partition Resolution, the sacrifice of the Zionist pioneers, and the torment suffered by Jews in recent years—all had laid the moral and legal foundations for the new state.’ The declaration emphasized the importance of the land of Israel to the Jewish people, and it recognized their constant struggle to get it back since being exiled from their homeland. Later on the 14th of May, the British Mandate expired and both the United States and the Soviet Union recognized Israel as a state. This was especially fortunate for Israel, because two of the biggest powers in the world acknowledged the state. Even though the Jews deserved to have a state of their own and finally received it, the fighting was not over. The day after Israel gained independence, it was attacked by Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq marking the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli
The War of 1948, also known as the War of Independence, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors. The war began May 15, 1948 when units from the armies of Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq invaded Israel launching a war that lasted until December 1948.# The war resulted in the defeat of the Arab forces and the success of Israel as a newly established state. It is evident that the Arab forces were not successful in the first Arab-Israeli war because the Arab army lacked motivation, education, and proper equipment.# Despite the support from Arab states outside of Palestine, the Arabs were unable to gain enough strength to overcome the Israeli forces. In contrast, the Israeli army was able to succeed because they had
With the British pulling out of Palestine and with the United Nations General Assembly’s 181 resolution Israel was able to declares its independence in 1948. Two millennium ago that the Jewish people were forced out by the Romans, as of 1948 they have officially returned to their home land. For Zionists this was a major cross road in history but it was apparent that their trip was far from over.
Israel gained independence in 1948, and its vibrant democracy remains unique in the region. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, reelected in March 2015, leads a coalition government of right-leaning and religious parties. Israel has a modern market economy with a thriving high-technology sector that attracts considerable foreign investment. The recent discovery of large offshore natural gas deposits has improved both its energy security and its balance-of-payments prospects. Despite the 2006 war against Hezbollah in Lebanon and the 2008–2009, 2012, and 2014 wars against Hamas in Gaza, as well as the constant threat of terrorism, Israel’s economy is fundamentally sound and dynamic
The conflict between Israel and Palestine is just one of the many facets that have shaped modern day politics in the Middle East. It is a conflict rooted in generations of violence, discrimination and prejudice that is complicated by a history older than any of the modern day superpowers. Ever since the creation of the state of Israel by the 1947 UN partition of Palestine