Issues Between Palestine and Israelis

3163 Words13 Pages
Issues that continue to block peace between Palestinians and Israelis The issue of Palestine and Israel is one that has been hotly contested for over a thousand years. The last fifty years have been especially important in the history of the Jewish people and Palestinians. Since the death of Yasser Arafat on the 11th of November 2004, and the election of Mahmoud Abbas as his successor as leader of the Palestinian Authority, significant steps have been taken towards a lasting peace. This will hopefully lead to a conclusion of the second Palestinian intifada, which began in late September 2000, and to an end of the oppression of the Palestinian people by the Israeli Defense Forces. Both Jews and Arabs have suffered heavily from the…show more content…
Only around 20% of the existing Arab population remained within the new state of Israel. The population of Israel doubled within the first year of formation as a result of Holocaust survivors who no longer felt comfortable living in their existing homelands, and Jewish immigrants from Arab countries. War broke out between Israel and its Arab neighbors (Egypt, Syria and Jordan) on June 5th 1967. Israel successfully defeated the Arab forces after just six days and as a result of the short-lived war, Israel gained control of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, and the Golan Heights. The newly conquered territory increased the size of Israel by a factor of four and placed one million more Arabs under the control of Israel. In addition to the Arabs under Israeli control, one million Arab refugees were created to join the refugee camps in neighboring countries. The 1967 war had huge political significance. Israel showed the world that it was able to defend its territory and that it was able, and prepared to launch strategic strikes that could result in gaining territory and upsetting the balance in the region. The Arab nations did not appear to learn strategic lessons. They launched a third war in 1973 in the hope of regaining their territory lost to Israel, but they were able to adjust their military techniques, and so were hopeful that they would be more successful in future conflicts against the Jewish state. On holiest day in the Jewish calendar,
Open Document