Italy : A Country Of Italy

1380 WordsDec 14, 20166 Pages
INTRO The beautifully known country of Italy had been a modern nation state for hardly half-century and the Kingdom of Italy was not declared until 1861. King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, after the efforts of the great Italian statesman Camillo Benso di Cavour and the military campaigns of Giuseppe Garibaldi. “The young state of Italy faced many problems in the late 19th and early 20th centuries” (Sailus, 2016). The split nature of its beginnings caused massive differences in terms of regional wealth, education, and infrastructure. WEALTH In Italy, the “Northern states for example such as Milan and Lombardy were relatively wealthy, while large parts of Southern Italy still relied on heavily agricultural economies and were relatively poor” (Sailus, 2016). This shows that Italy was a self-sufficient country and used modern ways to succeed as a country. Before world war 1 Italy declared itself neutral in the conflict, despite its membership in the “Triple Alliance” alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary since 1882. But in 1915, Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary, entering the war on the side of the Allies Britain, France and Russia. They carefully considered how to gain the greatest benefit from participation in the war. The decision to join the fight on the side of the Allies was based mostly on the promises Italy received in the Treaty of London, signed in April 1915. The war ended in 1918 and “600,000 Italians were dead, 950,000 were wounded and 250,000 were crippled

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