Ivan Pavlov 's Classical Conditioning

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As the 19th century came to a close, the studies of psychology were just beginning. Ivan Pavlov opened the door to the idea of classical conditioning with his tests on salivating dogs. The discoveries brought light to the way both animal and human minds work regarding associative learning. After Pavlov’s experiment, many more experiments came after. Even today Pavlov’s findings are so apparent it seems the idea of associative learning and conditioning of animals seems to be common sense. Today there is a lot of speculation with ethics when it comes to psychology and although other experiments built off Pavlov weremorally questionable, these were not the intentions of Pavlov.
In the 1890’s Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist began a study involving the relationship between an unconditioned stimulus, an unconditioned response, and a conditioned stimulus. The results Pavlov found showed how a neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus once it becomes associated with the unconditioned stimulus (McLeod). In this particular experiment, Pavlov studied how much a dog would salivate as he associated the ringing of a bell with food. It is a dog’s instinct to salivate when it sees food and not something a dog learns to do, making salivating an unconditioned response to seeing food, an unconditioned stimulus. Pavlov first measured the amount his dogs would salivate when food was put in front of them. From that point he would ring a bell whenever he would feed the dogs, introducing

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