Ivan The Terrible

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Ivan the Terrible was born Ivan IV Chetvyorty Vasilyevich on August 25, 1530, in… Muscovy, Russia (). He was the grandson of Ivan III Vasilyevich, or Ivan the Great, who was known for helping Russia gain its independence from the Tatars. In 1547, Ivan IV was crowned the first czar, or emperor, of Russia; in the same year he also married Anastasia Romanovna. She died in 1560 which resulted in him re-marrying multiple times, but his marriage to Anastasia was considered the happiest. After her death, he became depressed and erratic. He suspected a boyar, a member of the old aristocracy in Russia, murdered her which made him even more paranoid. This death affected him on such a large scale that it caused him to go on a reign of terror for the…show more content…
This caused his personality to change and is what to have caused Ivan to become such a horrible person. He thought the nobles had poisoned her so that they could get the power of the throne which caused him to kill the hereditary nobles as an act of revenge. In 1564, Ivan secretly left Moscow. The people were scared to not have a ruler to protect him, so they begged and pleaded for him to come back. He agreed to come back but only if he had absolute power to kill anyone he deemed as treacherous. The following year he created a system called Oprichnina was put into place. This system separated certain cities and territories from Russia, and were administered by the first police force which was also called Oprichnina. The members of this police force was handpicked by Ivan and they raged terror all through the land. Dressed in black and riding black horses, they carried dog’s heads and brooms – a symbol of sniffing out treason and sweeping away the Tsar’s enemies (). They were known for using torture and executing anyone who displeased their ruler. After the killed the people they would confiscate their land and valuables. The 1570 massacre of Novgorod is an example of the terror the people could do. In this incident thousands of people were murdered and tortured by a group led by Ivan himself because they were suspected of treason. People were tied to sleighs and drug through the freezing cold water of the Volkhov Rivor, which started to flood…show more content…
His youngest, and most unfit for the position, son, Fedor, took over power and sent Russia into a catastrophic time and eventually led them to the establishment of The Romanov Dynasty. Ivan left Russia in a state of dismay they wouldn’t not get out of till at least a century later. The terrible part of Ivan’s name is considered debatable because according to Russian sources, terrible is a translation from the word grozny which more closely relates too… ‘awesome’ rather than
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