Jackie Robinson

Good Essays
Troy Marrow
HIST 1540-OL1
November 30, 2014

Jackie Robinson Robinson, Jackie (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) baseball player, civil rights activist was born in Cairo, Georgia the youngest of five children. His parents were Jerry and Mallie Robinson. Mallie Robinson worked several different jobs after her husband Jerry left the family in 1920. At Muir Tech, Robinson played several sports at the varsity level and lettered in four of them: football, basketball, track, and baseball. Robinson attended Pasadena Junior College (PJC), where he continued his athletic career by participating in basketball, football, baseball, and track. After graduating from PJC in spring 1939, Robinson transferred to UCLA, where he became the school's
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On August 28, 1945, Rickey asked Robinson if he could face the racial animus without taking the bait and reacting angrily. Robinson responded with "Are you looking for a Negro who is afraid to fight back? (Robinson 1995) . Rickey replied that he needed a Negro player "with guts enough not to fight back (Johnson 2011). With that said Robinson agreed to a six hundred dollar contract. During the offseason, Robinson briefly toured South America with another a winter baseball team, while his fiancée Isum was trying to become a nurse in New York City. On February 10, 1946, Robinson and Isum married. During spring training in 1946, Robinson arrived at Daytona Beach, Florida, with the Montreal Royals of the Class AAA International League. The managers of the Royals Clay Hopper did not want Robinson to play with the Royals but Rickey would not let that happen. Robinson's presence was a big problem for the residents in Florida. Robinson was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, instead he lodged at a home of a black politician. On March 17, 1946 Robinson made his Royals debut at Daytona Beach's City Island Ballpark (now named Jackie Robinson Park) in an exhibition game against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson became the first African American to play for a minor league team against a major league team. After struggling at shortstop, Robinson was moved to second base. After moving to second base Robinson excelled. On April 18,
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