Essay on Jacob Zuma

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Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma wasborn on April 12, 1942. He is today the President of South Africa – elected by the majority ANC in Parliament after 2009 general election. He is also the President of the African National Congress, which is the governing political party. He served as Deputy President to Thabo Mbeki from 1999-2005. He is also recognized by his initials, JZ, and clan name Msholozi. He became President of ANC on 18 December 2007 when he defeated incumbent Thabo Mbeki. Zuma was a member of South African Communist party and even served on Politburo – the executive decision-making body, in the 1960s. He was charged with rape in 2005 and acquitted. He fought several legal battles for racketeering and corruption charges by the NPA …show more content…
Zuma joined the South African Communist Party in 1963. That same year, he was arrested along with 45 other recruits near Zeerust, in western Transvaal, currently part of Northwest Province. He was convicted of conspiring to overthrow the minority white apartheid government. He was then sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, which he spent in Robben Island with Nelson Mandela and other notable ANC leaders who were also in prison at the time. Zuma served as a referee for prisoners’ association football games in prison. After his release, Zuma was instrumental in the re-establishment of ANC underground structures in the Natal province. He first left SA in 1975, to meet Thabo Mbeki in Swaziland, and then proceeded to Mozambique where he dealt with thousands of exiles after the wake of the Soweto Uprising. Zuma stayed abroad on exile himself. The Soweto uprisings or riots were a series of clashes in Soweto, South Africa on June 16, 1976, between black youths and South African authorities that led to the deaths of 23 people on the first day. The protests continued until the end of the year, by which time over 500 were killed, mostly black and young. Theprotests that led to the riots grew over policies of the National Party and its apartheid government. In 1997, Zuma became a member of the ANC National Executive Committee. He also served as the Deputy Chief Representative of the ANC in Mozambique – a position he held until the signing of the Nkomati Accord between the…