Essay Jaguar PLC, 1984

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Executive Summary: Jaguar PLC, 1984
This case explores the operating exposure of Jaguar PLC in 1984, just as the government is about to relinquish control and take the company public via an IPO. The primary concern of the CFO is that Jaguar sells over 50% of its cars in the US, while its production costs and factories are U.K.-based. This currency mismatch creates operating exposure for the firm that needs to be hedged.

While the current trend in the USD has been higher, the markets are expecting a pullback in the currency. With labor accounting for a significant portion of the cost base for luxury car industry, it is unlikely that the expense will decline in the near future. Again this creates a potential liability in the matching pf
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By paying an option premium, Jaguar could reserve the right but not bear the obligation to exercise the option –based on favorable or unfavorable currency levels.
•     Jaguar Treasury could create Money Market Hedges by borrowing USD, converting the proceeds into GBP using spot rate, and using the revenues generated in US market to pay back the USD principle and interests in the future. This would provide a "natural" hedge against Jaguar’s dollar revenue stream.

May 10, 2005

Jaguar and the Luxury Automotive Business
Jaguar was founded in 1922 as Swallow Chairs and originally operated as a sidecar and car trimmings company. In 1945 it officially became Jaguar Cars Ltd and had initial production of 1,132 cars. In the mid 1960’s it merged with other British motor companies to become British Leyland. After significant losses, the government found that BL was in serious financial trouble and acquired nearly all of their equity. During the next 20 years the government was able to turn the company around. The standards were increased and reputation for quality production was developed. Revenue growth grew 40% annually from 1980 to 1983 and employee morale and overall image improved with international races. In 1980, exports accounted for 60% of sales and by 1983 exports totaled 75% of sales. By 1984, Jaguar has come to be regarded as a leading manufacturer of luxury high-priced automobiles. However, the company

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