Jails And Prisons

1418 Words Jul 27th, 2015 6 Pages
Jails And Prisons
Adam Putnam
CJA/204
February 18, 2014
Leroy Hendrix

Jails And Prisons
In the following paragraphs comparisons between the Rappahannock Regional Jail in Stafford County, Virginia and Federal Corrections Institution Petersburg Medium in Hopewell City, Virginia. The types of prisons will be identified. The major differences between the Rappahannock Regional Jail and FCI Petersburg Medium will be examined. Jail and prison culture and subculture as well as the violent behavior that can stem from it will be discussed. An explanation of why jails play an important role in the correctional system will be given. The role of community based programs associated with jails and prisons will be visited. Probation and
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Community-based Corrections
Another tool used to help with the overcrowding issue facing prisons and jails is the court’s utilization of community-based corrections. This type of sentencing is utilized for lesser offenses when a judge feels that an offender may not warrant prison or jail time. One popular tool within community-based corrections is electronic incarceration, also referred to as “house arrest” (Schmallager, 2011). The offender is fitted with an electronic device, usually around the ankle. The device sends a signal to officials monitoring the offender if they violate the electronic radius that the device is programmed to (Schmallager, 2011). This is a good way to incarcerate an offender while not adding to the overcrowding of the jails and prisons. Two other community-based corrections programs are probation and parole.
Probation and Parole
Some offenders are sentenced to parole instead of being sentenced to jail or prison. The goal of probation is maintain some type of control and supervision over criminal offenders while rehabilitating them through community programs (Schmallager, 2011). As was stated before, some offenders are sentenced to parole instead of being sentenced to jail or prison. However, in the majority of cases, offenders are in fact sentenced to a jail or prison sentence only to have that sentence suspended and then placed on probation (Schmallager, 2011). There are certain conditions that
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