Jails and Prisons

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Jail and Prison
One of the key cornerstones of the criminal justice system is the correctional system, specifically the correctional facilities. Prisons and jails are examples of correctional facilities that help keep the criminal justice system running smoothly and efficiently. Without these facilities, there would be no place for criminals to serve their sentences, and no one would really be safe.
Although prison and jail seem to be interchangeable words, they actually mean two different types of correctional facilities. According to “Prisons and Jails” (n.d.) website, Prisons are run by the state or federal government officers for adults who are convicted criminals sentenced for at least a year or more, the adults are
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Violence within prison is quite common. One type of violence that relates directly within the subculture of prison would be prison rape. Although starting in 2003 there have been programs put in place (PREA) to help put an end to this sort of violent and demeaning act, there is still rape occurring within prisons across the nation (Schmalleger, 2011). More typical violence occurs within prison as well, and most of these fights occur when someone breaks the code of ethics within the subculture of prison.
Probation and parole are two positive endings for a person who has been incarcerated. Probation is when a person’s sentence is suspended as long as they stick to certain conditions of an agreement (Value of probation and parole, n.d.). Violating the conditions of this agreement can result in the person being brought back into incarceration to serve the rest of their sentence. Parole is when a person is allowed a conditional, early release from their prison sentence. In order for a person to be able to receive parole, they need to appear before the parole board (Value of probation and parole, n.d.).
Parole and probation do a lot of positive actions for the criminal justice system and the community. Within the criminal justice system having these in place makes it so that there is less chance for prison overcrowding, while also
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