While reading about jails, I learned the two main types of local facilities which are lockups and state operated jails. Lockups is station in the police department and intended for very short term holding. And stated operated jails which are combined by jails and prisons. Jails held people who commit minor violations like misdemeanors and felony. Prisons and jails have changed over time, from the restrictions to housing. The difference between jails and prisons is that jails are run by county or town, and they are only used to temporarily detain people who are suspected of people who have convicted a crime. Basically jail is used for a short period of time, jails hold those who are waiting on a trial or those who have convicted of low level offenses and have sentence for a year or less. Jails function work release programs and boot camps. Something interesting is that jails address issues; For example, educational needs, substance abuse needs, and vocational needs. On the other hand, prisons is the facility that holds convicts who have committed crimes. After being declare guilty by the judge, defendants who have long term sentence are usually the ones who go to prison. For example, drunk driving or first degree murder. Prisons operate halfway houses, work release, and community restitution. Similarities of jails and
Probation serves as the most frequently used sentence for those convicted. This is evident when you consider that the United States justice system oversees nearly 7 million people. Over half of those, a staggering 3.7 million people, are on probation with another 840,000 on parole (Rabuy, 2017). With those individuals representing the largest percentage of the American corrections system, it is important that we learn as much as possible about probation in order to improve the success of these programs. Probation involves a set of conditions that the probationer agrees to adhere to in exchange for remaining in the community. Typical conditions include a waiver of the offenders fourth amendment rights, maintaining employment or school
Parole is the release of a prisoner by the decision of a paroling authority (Mackenzie, 2002). The offender is then required to remain under the observation of a parole officer who monitors the offender 's obedience with rules of conduct that are imposed by the parole board (Mackenzie, 2002). Parole is actually regarded as a back-end program that works in conjunction with the community (Mackenzie, 2002). Parole is actually similar to probation in that it follows a term of incarceration (Mackenzie, 2002). There are specific conditions which parole can be applied. Violations of these rules may result in re-imprisonment forced to return to prison to serve out the length of their original sentence from the date of release (Mackenzie, 2002). There are currently over five million people who are being supervised by the criminal justice system in the United States (Bureau of
American Society is built upon a balance between the demand for personal freedoms and the need for public safety. It is in the attempt to achieve a balance between these two, that crimes begin to emerge. Criminal offenders who have been found guilty are eventually put into jails to serve time for the crime committed. Harsh sentences for low-level offenders have crowded penal facilities, taking big portions of state budgets. As a result of the overcrowded facilities and low budget, the government opted for probation. Probation is now the most common form of criminal sentencing in the United States. Probation is very common but, as long as the probationer doesn’t reoffend or get involve in illegal activities they can end their sentencing with probation. If the probationer does, in fact, get involved with illicit activities then the probationer is to be put back into the custody of the government.
Parole has the additional function of trying to reintegrate a defendant into society. Depending on the nature of a defendant’s offense, a defendant’s conditions of probation or parole can be amended or changed. For example, if a defendant is convicted of molesting a child, a defendant may be ordered to stay away from parks and playgrounds where children
Probation and parole, although different, are often thought to be the same thing, since they are commonly grouped together. Someone who has been granted probation has been allowed to remain in the community as long as set conditions are followed. Parole, on the other hand, is granted to an offender who has completed part of a prison sentence and is able to be released while also following conditions once out. Some of these conditions include drug testing, maintaining employment, and not having contact with other convicted felons (Matejkowski, et al. 521). The current probation and parole system is keeping some offenders out, but what can be altered to help more stay out?
To begin with, I’d like to say that jail should not be confused with prison; prison is where people go for crimes that were dangerous or inhumane, like: D.U.I’s, grand theft auto, and worst in most people’s eyes CREDIT CARD FRAUD. But, we aren’t talking about that place; we’re talking about the little local jailhouse for lower rate crimes, here are some for example: robbery attempt, assault and sometimes people are held in jail waiting to be transferred to prison.
Jails, often operated by the county Sheriff, possess the authority to detain an individual for a period of 48hrs or longer. These facilities can hold convicted offenders for short periods usually 1 year or less (Bartollas, 2013). These facilities are usually the processing facilities for those entering into the criminal justice system for court appearances and processing.
Some offenders are sentenced to parole instead of being sentenced to jail or prison. The goal of probation is maintain some type of control and supervision over criminal offenders while rehabilitating them through community programs (Schmallager, 2011). As was stated before, some offenders are sentenced to parole instead of being sentenced to jail or prison. However, in the majority of cases, offenders are in fact sentenced to a jail or prison sentence only to have that sentence suspended and then placed on probation (Schmallager, 2011). There are certain conditions that
I feel like probation is an easy way out of a crime. It gives the offender freedom within the community with guidelines to follow; e.g.,meeting with the probation officer, getting drug tested (depending on the test, some offenders can cheat and use alternative ways to pass). Parole is equivalent to probation but the offender was already committed and sentence to prison but was released early and is monitored by a parole officer. Parolees can not leave the state, parole officers may visit the parolee at their home or place of business unannounced, they also can't commit new offenses or they will go back to prison.
The purpose of probation and parole it is believed to be for the protection of the public. According to Webster (1913), parole is the release of a prisoner from confinement prior to the end of the original sentence, conditioned on good behavior and often with specific conditions, such as not to associate with known criminals (Webster, 1913). Whereas probation is a form of punishment that allows criminals to be placed back into society on specific conditions for example the condition that they keep in contact with their probation officer. Therefore, when you think of parole and probation, it is just like making a promise to someone to not act or hang around others who do act in such ways that you could potentially lead them back in prison. There
Throughout the course we have reviewed some important facts of the law through our textbook, amongst the informative topics we have jails and prisons. Jails and prisons is a very important topic considering this is where some of the world’s most dangerous criminals are kept. I will be reviewing certain topics concerning jails and prisons, amongst those are the development of early American corrections, describing the types of jails and purpose for them, and lastly the advantages and disadvantages of private prisons. Lastly, I will conclude by giving my opinion on each of the topics that I speak about.
Prison life is much like street life. People from same ethnicities reside within the same ethnic code. Gang members reside with their certain gang group. Religious groups reside within its own group as well. The only thing different is the fact that no one is allowed to return home at the end of the day until their time has been completed. Inmates are allowed to roam freely but yet not completely free throughout the facility. Some participate in physical activities such as weightlifting to illustrate their strength and that they are tough not