Jamaica

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Abstract Left blank intentionally. JAMAICA Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, comprising the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles. Jamaica has a long history of census taking, and currently holds a census every ten years. The last census took place in July 2011, which showed a total of 2,697,983 residents in the country. The largest cities in Jamaica with populations as of 2011 are: Kingston (Kingston Parish): 937,000, Portmore (Saint Catherine): 182,000 Spanish Town (Saint Catherine): 147,000, Montego Bay (Saint James): 110,000. Jamaicans of African descent represent 76.3% of the population, followed by 15.1% Afro-European, 3.4% East Indian and Afro-East Indian, 3.2% Caucasian, 1.2% Chinese and…show more content…
The island of Jamaica is rich in biodiversity and has a number of plants and animals that are INDIGENOUS to Jamaica. A large number of these plants and animals are found no where else in the world and are said to be ENDEMIC to Jamaica. The national tree of Jamaica, The Blue Mahoe is found throughout the island, but is no longer abundant as it is commonly used as a source of lumber. The National flower comes from the Lignum Vitae tree, it is found only in the plains. It is also valued for its lumber and as a major source for shade. Jamaica has at least 579 species of Ferns. Several species of ferns are found all over the island particularly in the forests. Orchids are found throughout the island but are most abundant in the eastern parishes. There are about 220 species, 33 are ENDEMIC to Jamaica. INSECTIVOROUS PLANTS The Sundew (Drosera capillaris) is an indigenous plant found only at Mason River, Clarendon. It is a rare plant which traps insects on its sticky leaves and feeds on the juices produced by the action of the plant's digestive enzymes. Jamaica’s forests support about 60 species of wild pines. They are very important members of the forest community and harbour many small animals between their leaves. The wild pine crab, found only in Jamaica, lives in the water in the leaves of the

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