An entire new world, different from our own exists beneath the surface of our oceans. This life is full of color, shapes, sizes, wonder, and even darkness. Much of this life has yet to be explored but we still know that beneath the waves exist the most beautiful creatures and the most bizarre. Magical areas such as the coral reef and mysterious areas such as the depths of the ocean are homes to over 700,000 species that live in the ocean. This includes the eighty percent of the ocean that has yet to be explored. Even though there may be separate oceans on this planet, they are still interconnected by a body of salt water. No area of the ocean is the same, which brings us to the wonderful fact that so many different species are able to flourish
“We know only too well that what we are doing is nothing more than a drop in the ocean. But if the drop were not there, the ocean would be missing something” (Teresa). The ocean as we know it is a huge expanse of water covering more than seventy percent of our planet. It hides many mysteries, and phenomenon that man would not have been able to imagine if we had not explored the water depths and expanses of the oceans for our own eyes to see. There are many amazing and incredible occurrences of many varieties all over our oceans but one amazing and astounding natural occurrence is Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.
At about 1,600 feet oxygen levels run low. Life still goes on with gills that are more efficient or by minimizing movement. Some animals that live here are swordfish, squid, wolf eels, and some species of cuttlefish. Many organisms that live in this zone are bioluminescent. This zone extends from 650 feet to about 3,300 feet. Some animals living in this zone will rise to the epipelagic zone at night to feed.
Exploring the world’s oceans can have immediate benefits for humanity. Philippe Cousteau in his commentary “Why Exploring the Ocean is Mankind’s next Giant Leap” points out that the ocean can be a source of medical treatments as well as energy. He mentions an early treatment for HIV that came from a reef sponge, and the generation of wind energy. It is not just likely that there are more of these same important discoveries just waiting; it is nearly certain. “Living in the Dark,” by Cheryl Bardoe outlines the discovery of new ecosystems
The United States should have major exploration of the ocean because there could be medical discoveries, economic growth, and ocean sustainability. Exploring the oceans is about discovering new things in a systematic and disciplined way. Ocean exploration will help us understand the environment, as well as the ecosystems beneath the water. Exploration is not about finding new resources to use up but instead to find ways to preserve it. “In addition to new discoveries, we also have the opportunity to course correct when it comes to stewardship of our oceans.”
And the final reason is that they are extremely maneuverable. Critics, with inaccurate information, say they aren’t. According to livescience.com, Andrew Bowen, director of the National Deep Submergence Facility at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in Massachusetts. According to the writers at livescience.com, profiling buoys can travel down to 330 feet (1,000 m) . According to the experts at livescience.com, James Cameron descended to the deepest part of the Mariana Trench, at a cavernous depth of 6.8 miles (10.9 km)
A unique environment exists in the deep sea which is totally different from the sea that people normally can experience. Then, why is the environment so different between deep sea and the surface of the sea? There are three major factors that make the deep sea so mysterious and unique: light, temperature, and pressure.
Deep ocean trenches are environments that have historically been shrouded in mystery, their inaccessibility rendering such limited explorations as net dragging and dredging for samples (Lee, 2012). While potential for chemosynthesis had been proposed as long ago as 1890, it was nearly a century later before such systems were demonstrated to be active on the ocean floor (German, 2011). Further investigation has shown that ecosystems are surviving and thriving along the ocean floor within these trenches. Studies have shown that deep ocean trenches contain ecosystems that are biologically and geologically active, producing a high diversity of organisms that must withstand a variety of environmental changes (Anderson et al., 2014). Recent explorations have confirmed new forms of life in deep ocean trenches. Life discovered in such an extreme environment is call for investigation.
have Previously watched many ocean documentaries. One I found particularly interesting was David Attenburgs bio luminescent documentary, (I'll try to provide a link to it) This one, is also by him and I'm seeing some repeated scenes. In our course material it wasn't mentioned much, as far as the textbook goes. The creatures of the deep have large eyes and strong large jaws. I was surprised to hear how large the hairy angler was, I had always assumed angler fish where small, about the size of a prawn. I was surprised at there being walking sea urchins, they look very strange. The mushroom coral looks to be a coral that could be used to repopulate the planet in case the coral there went extinct. I find it pretty amazing that there are such large
Every single night, strange animals rise up to the shallows, deep from a part of the ocean called the mesopelagic zone. Alternatively, this is sometimes called Twilight Zone. the Twilight Zone covers a range anywhere from 660 to 3,330 feet deep. The creatures that live there are certainly not normal. Divers report strange, alien-like beings in these dark, watery depths.
Hadalpelagic Zone - Beyond the abyssopelagic zone lies the forbidding hadalpelagic zone. This layer extends from 6,000 meters (19,686 feet) to the bottom of the deepest parts of the ocean. These areas are mostly found in deep water trenches and canyons. The deepest point in the ocean is located in the Mariana Trench off the coast of Japan at 35,797 feet (10,911 meters). The temperature of the water is just above freezing, and the pressure is an incredible eight tons per square inch. That is approximately
For many years humans have struggled to discover the deepest parts of the ocean and have also struggled with discovering space. We could not go really deep into the ocean, because humans can not withstand the pressure that the ocean produces. But now there is a robot that can reach the ocean floor called “The Benthic Rover”. With that new robot, scientist will be able to record how changes on the surface of the ocean will impact the marine animals below. “What is special about the rover is that we will be able to stay in the deep parts of the ocean for a really long time collecting seasonal changes data” (Engineer Alana Sherman). With Benthic Rover,