James Garfield was a Union army general who fought in the Battles of Middle Creek, Shiloh, and

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James Garfield was a Union army general who fought in the Battles of Middle Creek, Shiloh, and Chickamauga, and would later become the President of the United States for 200 days. He was a self-made man who was an important contributor in the Civil War due to his bravery, leadership skills, and appropriate radicalism. James Garfield was born on November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio, in a log cabin. His father died only two years after his birth, so his mother raised him along with his older siblings while still managing the family farm. During his teen years, he towed barges up the Ohio Canal in order to support his impoverished family. He was nicknamed “The Canal Boy”. He later attended the former Western Reserve Eclectic Institute,…show more content…
He had campaigned for the Abraham Lincoln but never really liked the President. Garfield supported seizure of rebel property and the execution and exile of Confederate leaders. He served eight terms of office, and tempered his radicalism in order to become a more mature politician. He differed from his radical colleagues, supporting moderation towards defeated Confederates. He had become an expert on financial matters by serving in various key committees. He opposed any effort to inflate money supplies. James Garfield, overall, had a big impact on the Civil War. He was known for his bravery during the Battle of Middle Creek and the Battle of Chickamauga. He is responsible for multiple Union victories and gained control of many patches of Confederate soil. Without Garfield, the war may have been more depressing for the Union, and may have ended much slower than it did. After the war, Garfield was in the running for president. In 1880, Garfield defeated General Winfield Scott Hancock by about 10,000 votes. Garfield’s short time as president was mostly spent in organization of his cabinet and political maneuvers. On July 2, 1881, an angry attorney who was refused an appointment shot and killed Garfield while he was going to a Williams College reunion. The killer was Charles Guiteau, and was executed by hanging in 1882. Garfield was near death for almost three months. Doctors and inventor Alexander

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