James Joyce Essay

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In selecting James Joyce's Ulysses as the best novel of the twentieth century, Time magazine affirmed Joyce's lasting legacy in the realm of English literature. James Joyce (1882-1941), the twentieth century Irish novelist, short story writer and poet is a major literary figure of the twentieth-century. Regarded as "the most international of writers in English¡K[with] a global reputation (Attridge, pix), Joyce's stature in literature stems from his experimentation with English prose. Influenced by European writers and an encyclopedic knowledge of European literatures, Joyce's distinctive writing style includes epiphanies, the stream-of-consciousness technique and conciseness.

Born in Rathgar, near Dubtin, in 1882, he lived his
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Hauptmann's comprehensive version of the portrait of an artist helped Joyce develop his own interpretation. A further clarification was provided by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzche (1844-1900). Joyce adapted Nietzsche's concept of the Superman in developing his portrait of an artist. Although Joyce rejected the Catholic Church all his life, Reynords, in Joyce and Dante: The Shaping Imagination clams that the Italian poet and the greatest of Catholic poets Dante Alighier (1265-1321) "whose influence pervades all Joyce's writing is never cowed by authority" (Attridge p. 56-57). Perhaps that is why Joyce was attracted to Dante's writing.

	Of all his literary countryman, the only Irish literary who's left a profound impression on Joyce was that Irish nationalist poet, James Clarence Mangan (1803-1849). In the short story "Araby," Joyce pays tribute to the poet by naming the narrator's classmate, Mangan. Joyce identified with Mangen because of his linguistic skill and knowledge of the literature of Italy, Spain, France and Germany. Furthermore, Mangan was disdained by his Irish contemporaries--a gesture Joyce considered an act of treachery.

	Joyce's use of the stream-of consciousness technique first appeared record these epiphanies with extreme care, "seeing that they themselves are the moments." (Kalasty, p.199) Although all the stories

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