James Madison 's View On The President

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James Madison 's view on the president, that he or she is the head of the branch most prone to engage in the dealings of war, has been substantially manifested in the degree to which the executive has taken war power from Congress. In Article I Section 8 of the Constitution, Congress is stated to have the power to “declare War,” to “raise and support Armies,” and to “provide and maintain a Navy.” By explicitly listing these powers to be reserved for Congress, the Framers exemplified their preference of a slow, deliberative body to have control over matters of war, rather than invest the power in a single executive, who might be more prone to act belligerently. However, over the past century in particular, presidents have claimed many war powers which were intended to be meant exclusively for Congress as their own. One way in which the president has taken war power from Congress is through energetic, emergency, and reactive military appropriations. In contrast to the time of the Framers, modern war seems to require swift action. The branch of government that requires the least amount of time to act is the Executive, which places the president, also Commander in Chief in control of the armed forces, in a situation in which they can take unquestioned steps in sending troops into conflict and beginning involvement in a war, a power that was originally vested in Congress through the Constitution. For example, in the wake of the Civil War, President Lincoln contributed to the
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