Religion had a big impact in shaping what America is today. Religion still has a big role in modern American society, even with the emergence of Scientific belief systems which would have been condemned in colonial America. Religion has the capability of shaping its follower’s entire lives, countless people lived and died to preserve their spot in the afterlife. One of the key reasons many chose to immigrate to America was for freedom of religion. Religion is the belief of something beyond what is scientifically proven. Many different religious sects moved to America for various reasons. In this essay, we will examine some of the major religious groups of Colonial America and their effect on shaping America.
Religion helped define boarders and gave people an identity thought the North American colonies. From New England to The South, colonist tolerance for others shaped the development of not only government polices but also social and economic movements as well. Although the colonies went through rapid growth and development, Protestantism still dominated the region.
Throughout history, a variety of religions have came and gone due to dislike and uncomfort. Before 1492, a majority of Europe was a part of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church controlled every aspect of a human’s life, for example: education, social status, and family matters. In 1517, Martin Luther had created the Protestant Reformation, which limited the power of the Catholic Church. Europe was now religiously divided, which created a larger diversity of religion to the colonies. Reasons such as Henry VIII decisions with the Catholic Church, English immigrants, and religious groups affected the relationship between religion and the colonies.
In the 1630's and the 1640's, the Puritans traveled to the colonies to detach from their opinion of a convoluted Church of England. They set up towns and started new lives that were all based on their idea of a pure religion. The Puritan's definition of a pure religion did not include many of the ideas of the Church of England. They built the colonies and made a system based upon the idea that God was the most important aspect of life. Puritan ideas and values influenced the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660’s by spreading their beliefs into every facet of daily life. Politically their ideas regarding what was considered sinful behavior and how power was separated among the
Religion was the foundation of the early Colonial American Puritan writings. Many of the early settlements were comprised of men and women who fled Europe in the face of persecution to come to a new land and worship according to their own will. Their beliefs were stalwartly rooted in the fact that God should be involved with all facets of their lives and constantly worshiped. These Puritans writings focused on their religious foundations related to their exodus from Europe and religions role in their life on the new continent. Their literature helped to proselytize the message of God and focused on hard work and strict adherence to religious principles, thus avoiding eternal damnation. These main themes are evident in the writings of
In colonial America, two religions dominated its cultural history, the Puritans and the Quakers. Puritanism was born from the creation of a religion that seeks to fuse and at the same time, reform, the Catholic and
Jamestown; the birthplace of America. A Land As God Made It: Jamestown and the Birth of America was written on July 31st, 2008, by James Horn and published by Basic Books. While reading this book, the many Native groups that were in the Americas far before Europeans navigated there will be brought up many times. Many people just believe that the Europeans traveled to the “New World”, claimed it, and that was it. But in reality, there is so much more to the story than just claiming Jamestown. The Europeans had to go through many trials just to get to the Americas, and when they reached their destination, it was not all fine and dandy. Fights with the Natives broke out multiple times, and many of the Europeans died due to different diseases and starvation. In A Land As God Made It: Jamestown and the Birth of America, discoveries of the many people that were involved in the process of turning the ‘New World’ into what we know today as America are explained.
Religious freedom was a main reason why the colony’s went to the New World. Many places did not have freedom. People wanted be live in whatever religion they wanted, not just in the church of England. Many colonies were founded for religious freedom. Some of the main religious groups were Catholics, Puritans and Puritans. Most of the colonies were founded for religious freedom. In the 1600’s, many of the first and last colonies were founded for religious freedom.
Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions: New England
Although all colonies had religion play some sort of role in their daily lives, the importance of religion differed greatly among the regions. Since Puritans helped establish many of the New England colonies, it is no surprise that the majority of the New England colonists were Puritan. Religion was a major part of daily life, with many attending church and having their children baptized. Religion varied greatly in the Middle colonies. For example, in New Jersey, many different religions from many different European nations were able to coexist, while the Quakers dominated Pennsylvania, both in culture and in government. In the Southern colonies, religion did not seem to be of high importance to the colonists, as farming was of utmost importance to the Southern colonists. However, many were Catholic. In fact, Maryland was founded in order to provide a refuge for persecuted
For others, it was the idea of riches that pushed them to travel and settle in the new world. In the Chesapeake region, the established church was the Church of England. The regiment of the church was much looser and less strict than that of New England's society. In the New England area, many of the colonists were Puritans, who led a life devoted to their faith, and to serving God. Religion was directly tied to education in the colonies. In New England, the people used their zeal to create schools for writing, reading, education of the bible, and to create seminaries for the education of ministers. In the Chesapeake colonies, where the religious regiment was not as strict due to the rural area and the distance between the church and church members, people were less educated because of the distance. The geographics of both the Chesapeake and the New England area helped to determine religious practices and economic
Within the colony of Massachusetts, religion played an important role in shaping the community’s people and interests. The reason for the Puritans move to North America was to escape the convictions the Christians of England were placing on them (Divine, 89). Winthrop and his followers believed that in this new land they must create a place where they could come together as a people and build the perfect religious society (Divine, 90). In a speech about his vision for the land, John Winthrop said, “We must delight in each
Throughout the 17th century, the English faced many hardships. The settlers of Jamestown had faced misfortune of the new land such as disease and malnutrition, and failure of crops. Over time the English built their economic and social structure with perfecting crops, indentured slaves and building a new society that would spark others to explore.
As the Protestant Reformation lead to oppression of outside opinions and beliefs, many peoples took this opportunity to start anew in colonial America. However, each region adopted a slightly different religion. For example, New England became a stable platform for Protestants. As the Church of England underwent radical changes, some Englishmen opposed these changes due to their striking similarities to Catholicism, and therefore sought a new religion, Protestantism (Foner p.64). In order to avoid oppression and discrimination of their new religion in England, many fled to America in hopes of seeking religious tolerance. Some settled in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Pennsylvania. Protestantism preached about the importance of sermons, equality, and even adopted John Calvin’s idea of pre-determined salvation (Foner p. 65). Winthrop and the first settlers of Massachusetts set up a Commission in which Puritan beliefs governed society. For example,