Japan / China Response Towards Western Penetration Essay

1317 Words Mar 30th, 2012 6 Pages
Arianna Goff
Dunnavant
Per. 4 APWH
3-8-12
Japan / china response towards western penetration
Although China and japan are similar when it comes to cultural independence, japan however, was interested in technological advancements influenced by the westerners causing interaction, while china stayed isolated causing a power shift, meaning Europeans were able to gain power and control over most of Asia and Africa during the nineteenth century. For 250 years, japan stayed isolated and independent without a need for industrialization. In the 1600’s, japan closed off all connection with Europe and expelled all catholic Christians from Japan because the Japanese felt there was no need for industrialization and they wanted to keep old
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Plus renewed hostilities broke out against Britain and France between 1856- 1860, which further weakened China. The Boxer Rebellion (1899-1900) was a desperate attempt to oppose imperialism and drive out the foreigners, but it was eventually crushed by a multi-national force, and China made to pay even more indemnities. Essentially the Chinese tried to resist but the Europeans responded with superior military force and got humiliated while the Japanese, faced with the US Navy in 1853, just backed down and decided to learn from the West by copying them.
Commander Mathew Perry, an officer of the highest rank in the navy of the United States sailed into Edo, japan in 1853 with a letter for the Togugawa family with four demands and requirements for the exchange of western technology, ending japans isolation. The Japanese had apparently learnt from the mistakes of the Chinese, and did not directly oppose the West. Instead, they adopted a policy of procrastination. They thereby succeeded in postponing the first of their own set of ‘unequal treaties’ until 1858. With that minor exception, Japan’s policy successfully avoided the conflicts with the West that so plagued China throughout the nineteenth century.
Eager fascination with everything western after the samurai lost their ancient role in japan caused a combine foreign and Japanese trade due the U.S threatening force of action if japan didn’t do as they said. Japan surrendered and signed the treaty