During the later half of the 19th century, Japan was rapidly growing their imperial power across Asia. As soon as Japan was seen as an imperial country, the United States started to reevaluate its trade relationship with Japan. The United States stopped all sale of material that would have been beneficial towards Japanese expansion , angering Japan. Later, on December 7, 1941 the Imperial Japanese Navy had attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. On February 19, 1942, president Franklin D. Roosevelt issued the Executive Order 9066, ordering the internment of people of Japanese heritage. The executive order was determined by economic issues, national security threats and, the most influential, racism towards Japanese.
In order to maintain independence and respect, Japan adopted militarism and an offensive military strategy. The 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was an example of Japan’s change from a small feudalistic military that kept to itself to an offensive, aggressive military reliant on military power.
The United States began to reach outward for trade, showing interest in Japan. Almost forcing the country to begin to trade with the U.S.
Japan at the turn of the century was clearly trying to westernize and change is isolated society into one more intellectually and scientifically involved with the rest of the world. When the Japanese open their ports to the western civilization food and merchandise were not the only things being traded. When ports were open the western way of living was integrated with the Japanese culture which gradually changed the way the
The events leading up to World War 2 and everything after were some of the biggest impacts on America’s relationship with Japan. The bombing of Pearl Harbor And America’s economic power was the start of Japan and United States conflicts in the mid 1900’s. In the end Japan and America came together with the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation. With the hopes to never have the same problems as what they had during World War
Life, like war, compares to the game of chess. There are two sides, and they take turn moving their pieces in play. There is always a strategy for the final goal, victory, or the game could end in a stalemate. An endless possibility of moves exists for each player, keeping in mind the possible future actions of the opponent. This makes the game complex and difficult because each player does not know the intent, or exact move of the opponent. Each player must rely on instinct and judgment of their opponent to estimate the next action of the opponent. One must also account for the losses of pieces and the sacrifices needed in order to achieve victory. A game of chess between the United States and Japan started in July
For the Japanese to arrive to America, the journey was a long one. They came to look for a better life, with many open opportunities. There hopes included to have a life with a new civilization where no one has been before. When the Japanese came for a better life they came as farmers, railroad workers, fishermen, etc. Many troubles came and began to realize their social status from other Americans, they were not always welcomed.
How the United States and Japan integrated “previously despised populations into their nations in unprecedented ways, while at the same time denouncing racial discrimination and even considering these peoples as part of the national populations and, as such, deserving of life, welfare, and happiness” (Fujitani
One effect modernization had on Japan was strengthening international presence and relations for Japan. This is first shown in document 1 from a letter written by U.S. Commodore Perry to the Emperor of Japan telling that, “the President desires to live in peace and friendship with your imperial majesty, but no friendship can long exist, unless Japan ceases to act toward Americans as if they were her enemies…” (Doc 1). The purpose of the letter from the U.S. is to open them up to the rest of the West and to become an ally that they can interact with. The modernization of Japan allowed them to engage in this transformation served as a long term benefit. Document 2 supports those international benefits
We explained to them about the electric telegraph and soon after we even connected them with California's telegraphs.10 Many Japanese women started to wear western dresses or even sweaters and slacks.11 Japan changed politically as well. Japan became divided up into 47 profectures, which are similar to American states. Japan has carried over America's democratic ideas of social freedom, economic independence, and democratic liberties and privileges Japan's government soon began the executive, legislative, and judicial branches seen in America seen after the war.13 These changes all became possible soon after the war with great financial aid from the Us.14 Japan's progress in America's modernization program was so fast, we had to begin recognizing Japan as a world power.15 After Japan's modernization program, Japanese life began to change less dramatically, but never stopped.
The culture of a place is an integral part of its society whether that place is a remote Indian village in Brazil or a highly industrialized city in Western Europe. The culture of Japan fascinates people in the United States because, at first glance, it seems so different. Everything that characterizes the United States--newness, racial heterogeneity, vast territory, informality, and an ethic of individualism-- is absent in Japan. There, one finds an ancient and homogeneous society, an ethic that emphasizes the importance of groups, and a tradition of formal behavior governing every aspect of daily living, from drinking tea to saying hello. On the surface at least, U.S. and Japanese
Another element of the American culture is the egalitarianism. The high regard of equality can be seen in the pursuit of equal opportunities, in the refusal of authority and paternalism, the requirement of participation as well as in the preference of informal behavior. (Stahl/Langeloh/Kühlmann, 1999: 57)