Jealousy And Deception In Othello

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The endurance of a text can be evaluated through timeless universal human values it examines. William Shakespeare’s Othello centralises on a transformation of a man from innocent and honourable to someone who is blinded by rage. This is done through the utilisation of literary techniques that ultimately emphasise universal human characteristics such as jealousy and deception, both of which are still present in the 21st century. Shakespeare has juxtaposed the different interpretations to each of these ideas of jealousy and deception through the use of numerous techniques.

In his play, ‘Othello’, Shakespeare explores a common human motif jealousy in different ways. Jealousy is the driving force behind the play, represented by the many characters
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Shakespeare also conveys the enduring idea of jealousy through the main protagonist Othello. This is done through the metaphor of the “green-eyed monster” when Iago says "O, beware, my lord, of jealousy;/It is the green-eyed monster, which doth mock/The meat it feeds on". When Iago says this, his implementation of reverse psychology becomes apparent. In this, he warns Othello of the evil idea of jealousy where in reality Iago want’s Othello to be jealous. Shakespeare has used Iago to exemplify a key aspect of jealousy, where he uses the metaphor of the green-eyed monster to illustrate his point. The colour green, in general, is symbolic of envy and jealousy. By referring to the green-eyed monster eating you, Shakespeare emphasises that the victim of jealousy will be fully consumed by it and will live the rest of his life restricted to that jealousy. Shakespeare has exemplified a different type of jealousy through Othello; one filled with rage that shapes our perceptions. Through these techniques, Shakespeare has also engaged both Elizabethan and 21st-century audiences in the same…show more content…
In Shakespeare’s play ‘Othello’, the whole tragedy revolves around a sense of appearance versus reality through the deceptive nature of Iago. This is represented by the dramatic irony in "so please your grace, my ancient: A man he is of honesty and trust ". In this, Othello displays dramatic irony by saying that Iago is ‘honest’ and ‘trustworthy’ when the audience knows that he isn’t. In this, Shakespeare ultimately highlights the deceptive nature of humanity. Shakespeare also uses dialogue to convey deception. This is evident in " I hate the moor. My cause is hearted; thine hath no less reason. Let us be conjunctive in our revenge against him". In this, Iago expresses his inner emotions, as in front of Othello he acts loyal and trustworthy, while he backbites about him to others. Deception is further examined through foreshadowing in “I am not what I am". In this scene, Iago foreshadows his true nature and implies that he is not what he appears to be. In the scene, Iago is perceived to be helping Othello, but his end goals are to harm him. Shakespeare further uses foreshadowing to convey this idea, but from a different perspective, in “Perdition catch my soul / But I do love thee! And when I love thee not, / Chaos is come again”. The phrase “Chaos is come again” foreshadows that Othello’s universe will come to an end when he stops loving
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