Jean Jacques Rousseau Critique

1360 WordsDec 6, 20056 Pages
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's philosophy of education known as "negative education" (Entwistle in Bayley, 89) describes many valid concepts which are still applied in today's educational system. Although his philosophy is reasonable in terms of its ideas, his contradictions make it such that it would be difficult to apply realistically as pedagogy. Rousseau was a French philosopher of the eighteenth century, he argued that children should not be told what to learn, instead they should learn for themselves through experiences and his pedagogies of "negative education", "the discipline of natural consequences", and "the discipline of lost opportunities" (Entwistle in Bayley, 89). He believed that anything man-made was corrupt and that children…show more content…
Schools today also reflect Rousseau's idea by having different grade levels. As each grade level progresses, the work gets more rigorous. Although there are some contradictions and exaggerations in his philosophy, the ideas behind "negative education" are valid. The Quebec schooling system today is different than from his time, but there are still schooling institutions using his philosophy today. II. Moral Education: "The Discipline of Natural Consequences" "The Discipline of Natural Consequences" emphasizes Rousseau's belief in learning rather than teaching. A more effective way of teaching principles to a child is through cause and effect. Children do not want to plainly be told what is right or wrong, what they can or cannot do all the time. If the child is put in situations where he or she will suffer the consequences of doing something wrong, the child will learn what is right. If the child learns from the consequences, he will realize that doing that action causes him pain and will want to stop doing the same mistake again. Rousseau believes that the tutor should not correct the child's mistake because nature will take its toll and teach him that lesson (Entwistle in Bayley, 93-94). Rousseau's example in the story of Emile shows that even when Emile breaks a window in his room, the tutor doesn't replace it, therefore leaving Emile to suffer the consequences of
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