Jean Jacques Rousseau 's Theories Of Freedom, Equality, And Power

1729 WordsApr 26, 20177 Pages
There are many different critics of liberalism that we have studied throughout the second half of the semester which include philosophers such as Marx, Burke, and Goldman. These philosophers have allowed readers to open up their minds to different ideas that are not common in today’s world. In our contemporary modern society, most people tend to prefer this idea of liberalism, this is the notion that people are entitled to freedom and equality no matter where your geographical location may be. The philosophers that we have studied in this second half of the course have challenged this type of thinking bringing new ideas to the table that surround the concepts of freedom, equality, and power. The first philosopher that challenges this…show more content…
He explains his reasoning of this idea in our book when he says “Moreover, in several of these species, the individuals all take fire at once, and there comes a fearful moment of universal passion, tumult, and disorder among them; a scene which is never beheld in the human species, whose love is not seasonal. We must not then conclude from combats of such animals for the enjoyment of the females, that the case would be the same with mankind in a state of nature: and, even if we drew such a conclusion, we see that such contests do not exterminate other kinds of animals, and we have no reason to think they would be more fatal to ours” (pg.426-7). In a way this seems to be quite a liberal thought, arguing that we should be able to engage sexual intercourse or just share our love with more than just one person in our lifetime. This is where you can see how he is critiquing liberalism. Because liberalism comes with higher standards and sometimes meaningless expectations from one another, it holds us back from true freedom to do what we naturally enjoy doing. Moving on from Rousseau, and onto Edmund Burke, who believed very strongly in tradition and keeping things the way they are. Burke was classical conservative who even opposed the French Revolution in the futile society, in other words, having a hierarchy approach toward things with a clergy class,
Open Document