Jean Piaget And Lawrence Kohlberg

892 Words4 Pages
As you aged, did you ever notice that your understanding of right and wrong principles changed? According to psychologists Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg it should have. Individually the two psychologists have made remarkable discoveries on how children develop and use their moral development. Jean Piaget, grew up in Switzerland in the late 1890’s and early 1900’s with his father, who was a dedicated historian. Around Paget’s early twenties he had the privilege of working with many influential people allowing him to cross paths with Theodore Simon. Simon developed a standardized reasoning test that would test children on their mental abilities, such as their attention and memory abilities. Piaget felt these tests were too strict and wanted to gain a better understanding on the quality of how children think at different stages of development. There are two main aspects to the understanding of moral development, according to Piaget. First, the earliest stage, heteronomous morality, is where children see the rules as invariant and unchanging. Generally this stage comes around the ages of 4-7 years. During this stage children tend to play together, with each child playing at a slightly different set of rules. Through Paget’s research, it shows that when the children are having a good time then everyone is a “winner.” The cooperation stage is divided into two categories, the incipient and autonomous. Around the ages 7-10 years children’s games become more clearly social,
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