Jean Piaget And Lev Vygotsky

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There are many theorists who have discovered different things about child development. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of those many theorists. Both of these theorists have their own beliefs on how children develop. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky differ in their developmental theories, how their theories help the intellectual development in children and the similarities in their theories. A developmental theory is a theory that a scientist has proven to be true for a child’s development. According to Karen Stephens (2015), “Jean Piaget believes that children develop cognitive skills based on how they mature, interact with others, and react and adapt to their physical surroundings.” Cognitive development is a field of study that…show more content…
His studies showed that at any stage of life, thinking skills of individuals are similar.” (pg.142) The first stage of Piaget’s theory is based on infancy years. This stage is the sensorimotor stage. This age range is from birth to two years of age. In this stage, infants begin to learn about their surroundings and the world by using their senses. At the beginning, they rely on their reflexes to learn, but then use more purposeful movement to enhance their learning. The second stage is the preoperational stage. This age range is from two years to seven years of age. In this stage, toddlers and younger children begin to communicate by using language. They need to be given hands-on experiences and imaginative play. These are key for a child’s development. The third stage is the concrete operational stage. This age range for this stage is from seven years to eleven years of age. When children are at this stage they are beginning to think logically about things. They are beginning to make generalizations, classify different objects, and are suggesting solutions to their own problems or their peers’ problems. The final stage is the formal stage. This age range is from 11 years of age and older. During this stage children and young teenagers are beginning to ask “what if” questions. They are starting to make predictions about certain things. Children that
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