Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

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Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development was divided into schemas, adaptation processes, and stages of development. Schemas can be described as the building blocks of knowledge which allow us to development mental models of our environment. The adaptation processes are divided into equilibrium, assimilation, and accommodation. His stages of development were further split into four components of its own; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. Before Piaget, many assumed in a society that children were on equal grounds with adults in terms of reasoning and even to some extent, logical thinking. Piaget introduced his theory which essentially describes the active development of a child’s understanding of the world which disproved previous assumptions. The general understanding of this theory is that as their bodies grew their minds did as well. Schemata is an important aspect of Piaget’s cognitive development theory as it was an important foundation for it. Piaget considered schemata to be the basic building blocks of thinking (Woolfolk, 1987). A schema can develop to become more complex and detailed as a child may grow. Piaget believed that some schemas are genetically programmed into us, these being those that newborn babies might have. Another general term would be reflexes, which are numerous in newborns. An example of this scheme would be that of the reflex babies have when something might touch the palm of their hand and they
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