Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Psychology

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Jean Piaget was at the forefront of the Cognitive Psychology movement and one of the most influential developmental psychologists of the 20th century. His work on schemas, adaptation, and his development theory are still being used today in most professional settings as a way to understand the development of the child. His work on schemas led to a new understanding of mental illness, paving the way for Cognitive-Behavioral therapies and other therapeutic methods that are based off faulty thinking. Before the Cognitive movement mental health issues or illnesses were thought to be the result of childhood tragedies, repression, or from the environment conditioning those maladaptive behaviors. Now we know because of the work from Piaget that faulty schemas can be built and ultimately broken down in a person to help them lead a more positive life. His theory is heavily influenced by a foundation of three ideas. One, that intelligence is its own biological system, it (intelligence) constructs its own structures to be able to function. Two, knowledge is an interaction between the person and their environment. Lastly, that intelligence is brought about by four factors; physical and social environments, maturation, and equilibrium. There are three main parts to Piaget’s theory: schemas, the four processes of transition, and the four stages of cognitive development. At the base of Piaget’s Cognitive Theory is what he called schemas. Piaget (1952) defined a schema as, “a
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