Jean Watson 's Theory Of Caring

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Introduction Jean Watson’s theory of human caring looks at how the nurse and the patient connect to enhance the wellbeing of each other. Watson’s theory is at the center of nursing beliefs as well as important within the concept of patient centered care. This paper will analyze, evaluate the theory, and discuss an application of the theory as it applies to psychiatric nurse practitioners (PMHNP). Analysis of the Theory Jean Watson’s theory of caring stems from various psychologists and pioneering nurses such as Florence Nightingale. Watson has generated a humanistic theory approach to nursing care, which reflects upon the nurses understanding of his- or her-self and being in the moment with the client. As Gleeson & Higgins (2009) stated this is done “...through the use of expressive touch that participants reassured, comforted and communicated interest, concern, caring and empathy to client” (Gleeson & Higgins, 2009, p. 387). Watson’s (2006) key concepts within the caring theory are: the human being, health, and nursing. The desired outcome of the theory is the creation a transpersonal relationship between the nursing and the human (patient). This relationship is based on respect and a genuine connection to provide optimal health for both parties (Watson, 2006). The components of the theory according to Watson (2012) are the carative factors that provide structure to nursing care and assist nurse in providing loving care (Watson, 2012, p. 239). The carative, or caritas,
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