Jean Watson's Caring Theory

2501 Words Jan 29th, 2013 11 Pages
The Implementation of Jean Watson's Caring Theory in Nursing
UTHSCSA

The Implementation of Jean Watson’s Caring Theory in Nursing
Dr. Jean Watson defined nursing as a “Human science of persons and human health-illness experiences that are mediated by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human“(Watson, 1988, p. 54). The Caring Theory of Nursing is a relational caring for self and others based on a moral, ethical, and philosophical foundation of love and values (Watson Caring Science Institute, 2010). Watson‘s core concepts formulate the practice of loving-kindness, enabling the authentic presence of deep belief and cultivating one’s own spiritual practice towards’ wholeness (Butts & Rich, 2011).
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There are ten carative factors that Watson considers foundational to the theory: “Formation of humanistic-altruistic system of values, Instillation of faith and hope, Cultivation of sensitivity to oneself and to others, Development of a helping-trusting, human caring relationship, Promotion and acceptance of the expression of both positive and negative feelings, Systematic use of a creative problem-solving caring process, Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning, Provision for supportive, protective and corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment, Assistance with gratification of human needs, Allowance for existential-phenomenological-spiritual forces” (Butts and Rich, 2011, Pg. 510). This pathway of thinking emphasizes the connection of spirituality and human love in the patient-nurse relationship that are held in high respect and considered equally important to both parties (Butts and Rich, 2011). Caritas carry grand spiritual dimension into the heart of this theory. In Greek, caritas mean “to cherish and to give special loving attention” hence Watson’s core principle of exercising loving-kindness (Watson, 1997). The caritas field is the center for the conscious healing presence which has evolve into a clinical process: “Embrace altruistic values and practice loving kindness with self and others, instill faith and hope and honor others, be sensitive to self and others by nurturing individual beliefs and
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