Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring

3034 Words Dec 9th, 2014 13 Pages
WATSON'S THEORY 2
Abstract
Dr. Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring was released in 1979, and has continued to evolve over the past three decades. Watson's theory describes a philosophical foundation for nursing, which puts caring at the center of practice. It focuses on patient centered care, with emphasis on developing a trusting mutual bond. The caring environment allows for optimal health promotion, growth, empowerment, and disease prevention. The present paper discusses the theory's main concepts, and the significance of the model to nurses, nurse practioners, and health organizations. As well as, how the theory applies to my personal nursing philosophy.

WATSON'S THEORY 3
Watson's
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WATSON'S THEORY 5 ο “Promotion of Interpersonal Teaching-Learning” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 95) ο “Provision for Supportive, Protective, and Corrective Mental, Physical, Sociocultural, and Spiritual Environment” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 95) ο “Assistance with Gratification of Human Needs” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 96) ο Allowances for Existential- Phenomenological Forces” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 96)
As Watson's work continued to evolve, the 10 carative factors transitioned into the 10 caritas processes. The 10 caritas processes include: ο “Practicing loving-kindness and equanimity within context of caring consciousness” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Being authentically present and enabling, and sustaining the deep belief system and subjective life world of self and one-being cared for” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Cultivating one's own spiritual practices and transpersonal self, going beyond ego self” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Developing and sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Being present to, and supportive of the expression of positive and negative feelings” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Creatively using self and all ways of knowing as part of the caring process; engaging in artistry of caring-healing practices” (Alligood et al., 2010, p. 97). ο “Engaging in genuine
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